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Article . 2021
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Teotihuacan y las fluctuaciones de la economía mesoamericana

Authors: Izquierdo-Egea, Pascual;

Teotihuacan y las fluctuaciones de la economía mesoamericana

Abstract

“Nuevas evidencias sobre el colapso de Teotihuacan prueban que no fue una revolución social la causa de su final sino una invasión militar que destruyó su centro político. La revolución social se produjo mucho antes y originó la expansión militar teotihuacana por Mesoamérica.” Este artículo da a conocer los primeros resultados del análisis del registro funerario de Teotihuacan siguiendo las directrices de la arqueología de los fenómenos sociales (o arqueonomía). Arrojan luz sobre las fluctuaciones de la economía mesoamericana durante el Clásico Temprano y ayudan a entender qué ocurrió realmente en el seno de ese gran Estado prehispánico; por ejemplo, aclarando cómo se gestó la expansión militar hacia el área maya o cómo se produjo el colapso de Teotihuacan, todo ello merced a la observación cuantitativa de una serie de parámetros sociales fundamentales para comprender no solo la evolución de esta civilización antigua del Nuevo Mundo sino también la dinámica mesoamericana de su tiempo. ENGLISH: Teotihuacan and the Fluctuations of Mesoamerican Economy. This paper presents the first results of the analysis of the mortuary record of Teotihuacan following the guidelines of the archaeology of social phenomena (or archaeonomy). The results shed light on the fluctuations of the Mesoamerican economy during the Early Classic and help to decode what really happened within that great pre-Hispanic State; for example, clarifying how the military expansion towards the Maya area took place or how the Teotihuacan collapse occurred. This is possible due to the quantification of a series of fundamental social parameters, which allow us to understand not only the evolution of this ancient New World civilization but also the dynamics of Mesoamerica in this time.

Keywords

economic fluctuations, Teotihuacan, Mesoamerica, Mesoamerican economy

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