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Tc-rich M stars: platypuses of low-mass star evolution

Authors: Shetye, Shreeya; Van Eck, Sophie; Jorissen, Alain; Goriely, Stephane; Siess, Lionel;

Tc-rich M stars: platypuses of low-mass star evolution

Abstract

The technetium-rich (Tc-rich) M stars reported in the literature (Little-Marenin & Little (1979); Uttenthaler et al. (2013)) are puzzling objects since no isotope of technetium has a half-life longer than a few million years, and 99Tc, the longest-lived isotope along the s-process path, is expected to be detected only in thermally-pulsing stars enriched with other s-process elements (like zirconium). Carbon should also be enriched, since it is dredged up at the same time, after each thermal pulse on the asymptotic giant branch (AGB). However, these Tc-enriched objects are classified as M stars, meaning that they neither have any significant zirconium enhancement (otherwise they would be tagged as S-type stars) nor any large carbon overabundance (in which case they would be carbon stars). Here we present the first detailed chemical analysis of a Tc-rich M-type star, namely S Her. We first confirm the detection of the Tc lines, and then analyze its carbon and s-process abundances, and draw conclusions on its evolutionary status. Understanding these Tc-rich M stars is an important step to constrain the threshold luminosity for the first occurrence of the third dredge-up and the composition of s-process ejecta during the very first thermal pulses on the AGB.

6 pages, 3 figures, Under review for 'The origin of outflows in evolved stars Proceedings IAU Symposium No. 366, 2021'

Keywords

Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics, Post main sequence cool stars, Space and Planetary Science, FOS: Physical sciences, Astronomy and Astrophysics, Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)

21 references, page 1 of 3

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