publication . Article . 2019

Connecting the Dots: Diacritics, Scribal Culture, and the Qurʾān in the First/Seventh Century

Adam Bursi;
Open Access English
  • Published: 18 Oct 2019 Journal: Journal of the International Qur'anic Studies Association, volume 3, page 111 (issn: 2474-8420, Copyright policy)
  • Country: Netherlands
Modern historians assert that the earliest manuscripts of the Qurʾān were written in an Arabic scriptio defectiva, devoid of orthographic aids such as consonantal diacritics and vowel markers. In fact, the earliest extant manuscripts—those in the Ḥijāzī script, dated to the first/seventh century—do exhibit consonantal diacritics, though only sporadically and insufficiently to create a completely unambiguous text. Previous studies have provided inconclusive results regarding the uses of these spare diacritics and have suggested that scribes may have purposefully excluded them from Qurʾān manuscripts in order to allow different readings of the text to coexist in t...
free text keywords: Linguistics, Vowel, History, Arabic, language.human_language, language, Extant taxon
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The Senses of Islam: A Cultural History of Perception in the Muslim World
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 724951
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-COG
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