In recent years it was observed a renewed interest for hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) cultivation, both as industrial and food crop. The interest as food crop lays in the nutritional values of hemp seeds mainly related to their high-quality oil and proteins contents. As reported by Amaducci et al. (2015), hemp fibre can also be used as reinforcement in composite materials, to produce insulation mats, car interior panels, and requested in bio-building sector to form concrete too. The possibility to cultivate hemp for a dual purpose use could improve the farmer revenue. The information regarding the dual purpose hemp cultivations are poor and even more in Mediterranean environments. In this respect the present study evaluated the adaptability of Futura 75 hemp genotype under the Mediterranean conditions of Southern Italy (Sicily).