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Comparative analysis for theory development: Reflections on a study of women's empowerment

Authors: Htun, Mala; Jensenius, Francesca R.;

Comparative analysis for theory development: Reflections on a study of women's empowerment

Abstract

Comparison is, directly or indirectly, the defining characteristic of political science. Comparison enables us to discover what is unusual about any given individual, event, group, process, or context. Comparing sharpens our awareness of assumptions that underlie our theoretical thinking, makes it clearer how concepts should be defined and operationalized, and may change what questions we ask. How do we choose what to compare and how can we defend our decisions? As the introduction to this symposium points out, methodological texts have focused overwhelmingly on designing controlled comparisons aimed at testing causal theories across a small number of cases. But comparative studies often have other goals, such as developing theoretical arguments, particularly so if they form part of a multi-method project. There is a discrepancy between the types of research designs scholars typically teach and the type of research they actually conduct (George and Bennett 2005, 10). 

Country
Norway
Keywords

qualitative methods

17 references, page 1 of 2

Duflo, Esther. 2012. “Women Empowerment and Economic Development.” Journal of Economic Literature 50 (4): 1051-79. https://doi.org/10.1257/jel.50.4.1051.

Estévez-Abe, Margarita. 2013. “An International Comparison of Gender Equality: Why Is the Japanese Gender Gap So Persistent.” Japan Labor Review 10 (2): 82-100.

Hakim, Catherine. 1996. Key Issues in Women's Work: Female Heterogeneity and the Polarisation of Women's Employment. London: The Athlone Press.

Hashemi, Syed M., Sidney Ruth Schuler, and Ann P. Riley. 1996. “Rural Credit Programs and Women's Empowerment in Bangladesh.” World Development 24 (4): 635-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(95)00159-A.

Htun, Mala, and Francesca Jensenius. 2018. “Aspirational Laws as Weak Institutions: Legislation to Combat Violence against Women in Mexico.” Unpublished manuscript, January 10, 2019.

Htun, Mala, Francesca R. Jensenius, and Jami Nelson-Nuñez. Forthcoming. “Gender-Discriminatory Laws and Women's Economic Agency.” Social Politics. https://doi.org/10.1093/sp/jxy042.

Htun, Mala, Francesca R. Jensenius, and Melanie Sonntag. 2017. “Forging ikumen: On State Efforts to Redefine Masculinity in Japan.” Presented at American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, August 31-September 3.

Htun, Mala, and S. Laurel Weldon. 2018. The Logics of Gender Justice: State Action on Women's Rights Around the World. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Iversen, Torsten, and Frances Rosenbluth. 2008. “Work and Power: The Connection between Female Labor Force Participation and Female Political Representation.” Annual Review of Political Science 11: 479-95. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev. polisci.11.053106.151342.

Jensenius, Francesca R. 2017. Social Justice through Inclusion: The Consequences of Electoral Quotas in India. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
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impulse
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