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ZENODO
2013
License: CC BY
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image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
ZENODO
2013
License: CC BY
Data sources: Datacite
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incidence occurrence classification and outcome of small animal fractures a retrospective study 2005 2010

Authors: L. M. Ben Ali;

incidence occurrence classification and outcome of small animal fractures a retrospective study 2005 2010

Abstract

{"references": ["N. A. Senna, \"Observations on some aspects of dogs and cats ownership:\nA new role for veterinarians,\" J. Egypt. Vet. Med., vol. 61, no. 3, pp.\n199- 216. 2001.", "J. Harari, \"Treatment of feline long bone fractures,\" Vet. Clin. North Am.\nSmall Anim. Pract., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 927-947, 2002.", "H. R. Denny, \"A guide to canine and feline orthopedic surgery,\" 3rd ed.\nBlackwell Sci. Publ. Oxford, 1993.", "S. J. Langley-Hobbs, S. Carmichael and W. McCartney, \"Use of external\nskeletal fixators in the repair of femoral fractures in cats,\" J. Small\nAnim.Pract., vol. 37, pp. 95-101, 1996.", "S. J. Langley-Hobbs, S. Carmichael and W. McCartney, \"External\nskeletal fixation for stabilization of comminuted humeral fractures in\ncats,\" J. Small Anim. Pract., vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 280-285, 1997.", "D. L. Piermattei and G. L. Fla, \"Small animal orthopaedic and fracture\nrepair,\" 3rd ed, W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, London, 1997, pp.\n503- 511.", "O. I. Lanz, \"Lumbosacral and pelvic injuries,\" Vet. Clin. North Am.\nSmall Anim. Pract. vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 949- 962, 2002.", "W. T. Jr. McNicholas, B. E. Wikens, W. E. Blevins, P. W. Snyder, G. P.\nMcCabe, A. A. Applewhite, P. H. Laverty and G. I. Breur, \"Spontaneous\nfemoral capital physeal fractures in adult cats; 26 cases (1996-2001),\"\nJAVMA, vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 1731- 1736, 2002.", "G. Harasen, \"A: Common long bone fractures in small animal practicepart\n1,\" Can. Vet. J., vol. 44, pp. 333-334, 2003.\n[10] G. Harasen, \"Fractures involving the distal extremity of the femur.\nPart1-the immature patient,\" Can. Vet. J., vol. 42, pp. 949 - 950, 2001.\n[11] N. A. Senn, S. M. Gadallah and M. K. Zabady, \"Studies on some bone\ndisorders in cats: incidence, radiological assessment and surgical\nmanagement,\" J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Assoc., vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 113-137,\n2004.\n[12] D. D. Lewis, A. R. Cross, S, Carmichael, and M. A. Anderson, \"Recent\nadvances in external skeletal fixation,\" J. Small Anim. Pract., vol. 29,\nno. 5, pp. 1097-1117, 2001.\n[13] J. P. Farese, D. D. Lewis, A. R. Cross, K. E. Collins, G. M. Anderson\nand K. B. Halling, \"Use of IMEX SK- circular external fixator hybrid\nconstructs for fracture stabilization in dogs and cats,\" J. Am. Anim.\nHosp. Assoc., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 279- 289, 2002.\n[14] A. L. Johnson and C. E. DeCAMP, \"External skeletal fixation. Linear\nfixators,\" Vet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim. Pract., vol. 29, no. 5, pp.\n1135-1152, 1999.\n[15] C. S. Rahal, S. R. Volpi, C. L. Vulcano and B. R. Ciani, \"Acute\nshortening and subsequent lengthening of the radius and ulna for the\ntreatment of Infected nonunion in a dog,\" Can. Vet. J. vol. 42, pp. 724-\n726, 2001.\n[16] G. Harasen, \"Repair of comminuted femoral fracture in a cat using\ncortical and cancellous bone grafting techniques,\" Can. Vet. J., vol. 38,\npp. 574- 575, 1997.\n[17] K. A. Farag, \"Distal femoral fractures: use of cross- pinning technique\nfor repair in dogs and cats,\" J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass., vol. 62, no. 1, pp.\n83-92, 2002.\n[18] G. Harasen, \"Fractures involving the distal extremity of the femur: part 2\n- the mature patient,\" Can. Vet. J., vol. 43, pp. 131-132, 2002.\n[19] A. F. Hale and G. M. Anthony, \"Treatment of mandibular and dental\nfractures in a young dog,\" Can. Vet. J., vol. 37, pp. 307-309, 1996.\n[20] W. J. Whittick, \"Examination of the patient. In: canine orthopedics,\"\nLea and Febiger, USA, 1974, pp. 81-88.\n[21] C. A. Leonard, \"Feline lameness,\" Vet. Clinics North Am. Small Anim.\nPract., vol. 31 no. 1, pp. 143-163, 2001.\n[22] K. K. Diane and K. W. Hollingshead, \"Small animal Anesthesia (canine\nand feline practice), Mosby\"s Fundemental of Veterinary Technology,\n1993.\n[23] D. Franczuski, J. A. Chalm and H. C. Butler, \"The use of paired pins in\nfixation of distal femoral fracture in the dogs and cat,\" J. Am. Anim.\nHosp. Assoc., vol. 22, pp. 173-178, 1986.\n[24] O. Whitney and S. C. Schrader, \"Dynamic intramedullary cross pinning\ntechnique for repair of distal femoral fractures in dogs and cats: 71 cases\n(1981-1985),\" JAVMA, vol. 191, pp. 1592-1596, 1987.\n[25] R. McLaughlin, \"Internal fixation; Intramedullary pins, Cerclage wires\nand Interlocking nails,\" Vet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim. Pract., vol. 29,\nno. 5, pp. 1097-1117, 1999.\n[26] R. E. Oakley, \"External coaptation,\" Vet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim.\nPract., vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 1083-1095, 1999.\n[27] G. Harasen, \"B : Common long bone fracture in small animal practice -\npart 2,\" Can. Vet. J., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 503-504, 2003."]}

A retrospective study was undertaken to record the occurrence and pattern of fractures in small animals (dogs and cats) from year 2005 to 2010. A total of 650 cases were presented in small animal surgery unit out of which of 116 (dogs and cats) were presented with history of fractures of different bones. A total of 17.8% (116/650) cases were of fractures which constituted dogs 67% while cats were 23%. The majority of animals were intact. Trauma in the form of road side accident was the principal cause of fractures in dogs whereas as in cats it was fall from height. The ages of the fractured dog ranged from 4 months to 12 years whereas in cat it was from 4 weeks to 10 years. The femoral fractures represented 37.5% and 25% respectively in dogs and cats. Diaphysis, distal metaphyseal and supracondylar fractures were the most affected sites in dog and cats. Tibial fracture in dogs and cats represented 21.5% and 10% while humoral fractures were 7.9% and 14% in dogs and cats respectively. Humoral condyler fractures were most commonly seen in puppies aged 4 to 6 months. Fractured radius-ulna incidence was 19% and 14% in dogs and cats respectively. Other fractures recorded were of lumbar vertebrae, mandible and metacarpals etc. The management comprised of external and internal fixation in both the species. The most common internal fixation technique employed was Intramedullary fixation in long followed by other methods like stack or cross pinning, wiring etc as per findings in the cases. The cast bandage was used majorly as mean for external coaptation. The paper discusses the outcome of the case as per the technique employed.

Keywords

Fracture, Animal, Incidence, Occurrence.

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citations
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popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
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