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Publication . Article . Other literature type . Conference object . 2018


Kristóf Kovács; Klaus Hanke;
Open Access
Published: 15 Jan 2018 Journal: The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences (issn: 1682-1750, eissn: 2194-9034, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Copernicus Publications

Abstract. The improvement of detailed surface documentation methods provides unique tool mark-study opportunities in the field of archaeological researches. One of these data collection techniques is short-range laser scanning, which creates a digital copy of the object’s morphological characteristics from high-resolution datasets. The aim of our work was the accurate documentation of a Bronze Age sluice box from Mitterberg, Austria with a spatial resolution of 0.2 mm. Furthermore, the investigation of the entirely preserved tool marks on the surface of this archaeological find was also accomplished by these datasets. The methodology of this tool mark-study can be summarized in the following way: At first, a local hydrologic analysis has been applied to separate the various patterns of tools on the finds’ surface. As a result, the XYZ coordinates of the special points, which represent the edge lines of the sliding tool marks, were calculated by buffer operations in a GIS environment. During the second part of the workflow, these edge points were utilized to manually clip the triangle meshes of these patterns in reverse engineering software. Finally, circle features were generated and analysed to determine the different sections along these sliding tool marks. In conclusion, the movement of the hand tool could be reproduced by the spatial analysis of the created features, since the horizontal and vertical position of the defined circle centre points indicated the various phases of the movements. This research shows an exact workflow to determine the fine morphological structures on the surface of the archaeological find.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Technology lcsh:T lcsh:Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) lcsh:TA1-2040 lcsh:Applied optics. Photonics lcsh:TA1501-1820

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Position (vector) Laser scanning Engineering drawing Polygon mesh Field (geography) Reverse engineering computer.software_genre computer Workflow Edge detection Engineering business.industry business Archaeology Documentation

Related Organizations
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