Actions
  • shareshare
  • link
  • cite
  • add
add
auto_awesome_motion View all 3 versions
Publication . Article . Other literature type . Conference object . 2018

HYDROLOGIC AND FEATURE-BASED SURFACE ANALYSIS FOR TOOL MARK INVESTIGATION ON ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS

Kristóf Kovács; Klaus Hanke;
Open Access
English
Published: 15 Jan 2018 Journal: The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences (issn: 1682-1750, eissn: 2194-9034, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
Abstract

Abstract. The improvement of detailed surface documentation methods provides unique tool mark-study opportunities in the field of archaeological researches. One of these data collection techniques is short-range laser scanning, which creates a digital copy of the object’s morphological characteristics from high-resolution datasets. The aim of our work was the accurate documentation of a Bronze Age sluice box from Mitterberg, Austria with a spatial resolution of 0.2 mm. Furthermore, the investigation of the entirely preserved tool marks on the surface of this archaeological find was also accomplished by these datasets. The methodology of this tool mark-study can be summarized in the following way: At first, a local hydrologic analysis has been applied to separate the various patterns of tools on the finds’ surface. As a result, the XYZ coordinates of the special points, which represent the edge lines of the sliding tool marks, were calculated by buffer operations in a GIS environment. During the second part of the workflow, these edge points were utilized to manually clip the triangle meshes of these patterns in reverse engineering software. Finally, circle features were generated and analysed to determine the different sections along these sliding tool marks. In conclusion, the movement of the hand tool could be reproduced by the spatial analysis of the created features, since the horizontal and vertical position of the defined circle centre points indicated the various phases of the movements. This research shows an exact workflow to determine the fine morphological structures on the surface of the archaeological find.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Technology lcsh:T lcsh:Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) lcsh:TA1-2040 lcsh:Applied optics. Photonics lcsh:TA1501-1820

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Position (vector) Laser scanning Engineering drawing Polygon mesh Field (geography) Reverse engineering computer.software_genre computer Workflow Edge detection Engineering business.industry business Archaeology Documentation

Related Organizations
12 references, page 1 of 2

Clark, M. D., 2011. Toolmark Identification of a Mattock to a Clod of Soil from a Grave. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol.

56, No. 1.

Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community, National Research Council., 2009. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward.

Domínguez-Rodrigo M., Pickering, T. R., Bunn, H. T., 2012.

Experimental study of cut marks made with rocks unmodified by human flaking and its bearing on claims of w3.4-millionyear-old butchery evidence from Dikika, Ethiopia. Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 39, Issue 2, pp. 205-214.

Hanke, K., Hiebel, G., Kovács, K., Moser, M., 2010.

XXXVIII, Part 5.

Kovács, K., Hanke K., Moser, M., 2011. GIS-based surface analysis of archaeological finds. Proceedings of the ISPRS Workshop '3D-ARCH 2011'"3D Virtual Reconstruction and Visualization of Complex Architectures" In: The International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Vol. XXXVIII-5/W16.

Lobb, M., Krawiec, K., Howard, A. J., Gearey, B. R., Chapman, H. P., 2010. A new approach to recording and monitoring wet-preserved archaeological wood using threedimensional laser scanning. Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 37, Issue 12, pp. 2995-2999.

Sands, R., 1997. Prehistoric Woodworking: The analysis and interpretation of Bronze and Iron Age toolmarks. University College London: Archetype Press.

moresidebar