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THE FLORENCE BAPTISTERY: 3-D SURVEY AS A KNOWLEDGE TOOL FOR HISTORICAL AND STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATIONS

Authors: G. Tucci; V. Bonora; L. Fiorini; A. Conti;

THE FLORENCE BAPTISTERY: 3-D SURVEY AS A KNOWLEDGE TOOL FOR HISTORICAL AND STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATIONS

Abstract

The Baptistery of San Giovanni is one of the most important pieces of architecture in Florence. It is an octagonal building, encrusted with marble both internally and externally (including the pyramidal roof) and covered inside by a magnificent dome with sparkling gold mosaics. During Dante’s time, it appeared much older than the other monuments, so its origins were considered as hailing straight from Florence’s most remote and mythical history. Even though we have much more data now, scholars still disagree over the interpretations on the origin and construction sequence of the monument. <br><br> Survey has always been considered a main instrument for understanding historical architecture, mostly from constructional and structural points of view. During the last century, the Baptistery was surveyed using both traditional techniques and the most up-to-date instruments available at the time, such as topography, close-range photogrammetry and laser scanning. So, a review of those early applications, even if partial or isolated, can significantly attest to the state of the art and evolution of survey techniques. <br><br> During recent years, the Opera di Santa Maria del Fiore promoted new research and a wide range of diagnostic investigations aimed at acquiring greater knowledge of the monument in anticipation of the cleaning and restoration of the outer wall surfaces during 2015. <br><br> Among this research, GeCo Lab carried out a new systematic and complete laser scanner survey of the whole Baptistery, acquiring data for the more inaccessible parts that were given little attention during other survey campaigns. <br><br> First of all, the paper analyses recent contributions given by instrumental surveys in advancing knowledge of the building, with references to the cutting-edge techniques and measurement tools used at the time. Then, it describes the new survey campaign, illustrating the approach followed in the planning, data acquisition and data elaboration phases; finally, it gives examples of some interpretations of the structure stemming from the new acquisitions.

Country
Italy
Related Organizations
Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Applied optics. Photonics lcsh:Technology lcsh:T lcsh:TA1501-1820 lcsh:TA1-2040 lcsh:Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Engineering Dome Opera Art history Survey methodology Architecture business.industry Cultural heritage Photogrammetry business Cartography

Keywords

Comparison; Cultural heritage; Laser scanning; Orthoimages

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Available on line: http://hds.leicageosystems.com/downloads123/hds/hds/cyclone/brochuresdatasheet/Cyclone_Technical_Specification_en.pdf Ranzuglia, G., Callieri, M ., Dellepiane, M ., Cignoni, P., Scopigno, R., 2013. M eshLab as a complete tool for the integration of photos and color with high resolution 3D geometry data. In: CAA2012 Proceedings of the 40th Conference in Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Southampton, United Kingdom, 26-30 M arch 2012, pp. 406-416 Remondino F., Fraser, C., 2006. Digital camera calibration methods: considerations and comparisons. In: The International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Dresden, Germany,Vol. XXXVI, Part 5, pp.266-272 Sabatini, R., 1943. La curvatura e la costruzione della cupola del battistero. In: Palladio, V-VI, pp. 159-163 Sgrenzaroli, M ., Vassena G. P. M ., 2007. Tecniche di rilevamento tridimensionale tramite laser scanner., Starrylink Editrice, Brescia, ISBN: 978-88-89720-73-8 Szeliski, R., 2011.

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    17
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
17
Average
Top 10%
Top 10%
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