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Publication . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . Preprint . Conference object . 2021 . Embargo end date: 01 Jan 2020

Characterizing Service Provider Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States

Shinan Liu; Paul Schmitt; Francesco Bronzino; Nick Feamster;
Open Access
Published: 29 Mar 2021
Publisher: arXiv
Country: France
Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in dramatic changes to the daily habits of billions of people. Users increasingly have to rely on home broadband Internet access for work, education, and other activities. These changes have resulted in corresponding changes to Internet traffic patterns. This paper aims to characterize the effects of these changes with respect to Internet service providers in the United States. We study three questions: (1) How did traffic demands change in the United States as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic?; (2) What effects have these changes had on Internet performance?; (3) How did service providers respond to these changes? We study these questions using data from a diverse collection of sources. Our analysis of interconnection data for two large ISPs in the United States shows a 30–60% increase in peak traffic rates in the first quarter of 2020. In particular, we observe traffic downstream peak volumes for a major ISP increase of 13–20% while upstream peaks increased by more than 30%. Further, we observe significant variation in performance across ISPs in conjunction with the traffic volume shifts, with evident latency increases after stay-at-home orders were issued, followed by a stabilization of traffic after April. Finally, we observe that in response to changes in usage, ISPs have aggressively augmented capacity at interconnects, at more than twice the rate of normal capacity augmentation. Similarly, video conferencing applications have increased their network footprint, more than doubling their advertised IP address space.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: education parasitic diseases stomatognathic system health care economics and organizations embryonic structures

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Quarter (United States coin) Internet traffic Downstream (networking) Internet access business.product_category business Telecommunications business.industry The Internet Service provider Upstream (petroleum industry) Videoconferencing computer.software_genre computer

Subjects

Networking and Internet Architecture (cs.NI), FOS: Computer and information sciences, [INFO]Computer Science [cs], Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture

Related to Research communities
NEANIAS Atmospheric Research Community
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http://arxiv.org/pdf/2011.0041...
Part of book or chapter of book
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