publication . Article . 2019

Quantifying prehistoric physiological stress using the TCA method:

Kristina Penezić; Marko Porčić; Jelena Jovanović; Petra Kathrin Urban; Ursula Wittwer-Backofen; Sofija Stefanović;
Open Access
  • Published: 09 Dec 2019 Journal: Documenta Praehistorica, volume 46, pages 284-295 (issn: 1408-967X, eissn: 1854-2492, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: University of Ljubljana
Abstract
The Neolithic way of life was accompanied by an increase in various forms of physiological stress (e.g. disease, malnutrition). Here we use the method of tooth cementum annulation (TCA) analysis in order to detect physiological stress that is probably related to calcium metabolism. The TCA method is applied to a sample of teeth from three Mesolithic and five Neolithic individuals from the Central Balkans. The average number of physiological stress episodes is higher in the Neolithic group – but the statistical significance of this result cannot be evaluated due to the small sample size, therefore these results should be taken as preliminary.
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Subjects
free text keywords: Archaeology, Anthropology, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Central Balkans, stress-layers, tooth cementum annulation (TCA), Biology, Ecology, Physiological stress, lcsh:Archaeology, lcsh:CC1-960
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Funded by
EC| BIRTH
Project
BIRTH
Births, mothers and babies: prehistoric fertility in the Balkans between 10000 – 5000 BC
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 640557
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-STG
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