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Publication . Article . 2018

Mean Blood Pressure Difference among Adolescents Based on Dyssomnia Types

Krisnarta Sembiring; Oke Rina Ramayani; Munar Lubis;
Open Access
Published: 04 Feb 2018 Journal: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, volume 6, issue 2, pages 293-296 (issn: 1857-9655, Copyright policy )
Publisher: ID Design 2012/DOOEL Skopje

BACKGROUND: Dyssomnia is the most frequent sleep disturbance and associated with increased blood pressure. There has been no study determining the difference in mean blood pressure based on dyssomnia types among adolescents.OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in mean blood pressure among adolescents based on dyssomnia types.METHODS: a Cross-sectional study was conducted in SMP Negeri 1 Muara Batang Gadis in April 2016. Samples were students having sleep disturbance based on Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) questionnaire. Stature and blood pressure data were collected along with demographic data and sleep disorder questionnaire. Analyses were done with Kruskal-Wallis test and logistic regression. P - value < 0.05 was considered significant.RESULTS: Seventy-six samples were obtained with mean age 13.9 (SD 1.14) years - old. Dyssomnia proportion and hypertension were 72/76 and 20/76 respectively. Mean systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 111.1 (SD 16.46) mmHg and 70.3 (SD 11.98) mmHg respectively. Mean SDSC score was 49.7 (SD 8.96), and the most frequent dyssomnia type was disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep. Age and sex were not the risk factors of hypertension in dyssomnia. There was a significant difference in mean SBP (P = 0.006) and DBP (P = 0.022) based on dyssomnia types. Combination dyssomnia type had the highest mean blood pressure among dyssomnia types.CONCLUSION: There is a significant difference in mean blood pressure among adolescents based on dyssomnia types.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:Medicine lcsh:R

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Mean blood pressure Mean age Dyssomnia medicine.disease medicine business.industry business Sleep disorder Age and sex Blood pressure Logistic regression Internal medicine medicine.medical_specialty Significant difference


Blood pressure, Dyssomnia, Adolescent, Hypertension, General Medicine, Medicine, Blood pressure; Dyssomnia; Adolescent; Hypertension, Cardiology, Clinical Science