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Effects of Night Ventilation on Indoor Air Quality in Educational Buildings—A Field Study

Authors: Sami Lestinen; Simo Kilpeläinen; Risto Kosonen; Maria Valkonen; Juha Jokisalo; Pertti Pasanen;

Effects of Night Ventilation on Indoor Air Quality in Educational Buildings—A Field Study

Abstract

Night ventilation methods have been used in educational buildings to guarantee indoor air quality at the beginning of occupied periods. A typical method has been to pre-start ventilation 2 h before the space usage. Another selection has been to ventilate a building continuously during the night with a minimum airflow rate that can dilute material emissions. In this study, the pre-started, continuous, and intermittent ventilation methods were compared by assessing indoor air quality in field measurements. The daytime ventilation was operating normally. The test periods lasted for 2 weeks. Indoor air quality was assessed by measuring the total volatile organic compounds and microbial concentrations using the quantitative polymerase chain reaction method. Additionally, the thermal conditions, carbon dioxide, and pressure differences over the building envelope were measured. The results show that the night ventilation strategy had negligible effects on microbial concentrations. In most cases, the indoor air microbial concentrations were only a few percent of those found outdoors. The averaged concentration of total volatile organic compounds was at the same level with all the night ventilation methods at the beginning of the occupied periods in the mornings. The concentrations reached a minimum level after 2-h ventilation. The concentrations of total volatile organic compounds were higher during the day than at night. This reveals that space usage had the largest effect on the total volatile organic compounds. Generally, the results show that continuous night ventilation does not significantly affect the biological and chemical contaminants. Consequently, a 2-h flushing period is long enough to freshen indoor air before occupancy.

| openaire: EC/H2020/894511/EU//Surefit

Peer reviewed

Country
Finland
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Indoor air Airflow law.invention chemistry.chemical_compound Indoor air quality law medicine Chemical contaminants Environmental engineering chemistry Carbon dioxide Ventilation (architecture) Environmental science Flushing medicine.symptom Building envelope

Keywords

intermittent ventilation, Technology, QH301-705.5, QC1-999, indoor air quality (IAQ), General Materials Science, Biology (General), QD1-999, Instrumentation, intermittent ventilation; night purging; indoor air quality, Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes, ta213, T, Physics, Process Chemistry and Technology, TVOC, General Engineering, Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), Computer Science Applications, Chemistry, night purging, TA1-2040, microbes, indoor air quality

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    3
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
3
Top 10%
Average
Average
gold