publication . Article . 2021

Landscape perception and public participation for the conservation and valorization of cultural landscapes: The case of the cinque terre and porto venere unesco site

Antonio Eduardo Ramires Santoro; Martina Venturi; Mauro Agnoletti;
Open Access English
  • Published: 21 Jan 2021
  • Country: Italy
Abstract
Europe retains a great variety of cultural landscapes that constitute a significant part of the European cultural heritage. In the last decades, these high-quality landscapes are facing several challenges due to socio-economic transformations that often compromise their integrity. This situation is even worse for terraced landscapes, as in the case of the Porto Venere and Cinque Terre UNESCO World Heritage List site. The Management Plan developed for this area needs to deal with different issues: abandonment of terraced cultivations and growth of secondary forests, hydrogeological risk and high touristic pressure. Public participation is increasingly important in the process of decision-making, for incorporating the ideas and the needs of the local communities, helping to find effective solutions for the valorization of historic landscapes and for improving the quality of life. This research has investigated the perception of the local community regarding the current landscape dynamics and other critical issues studying the opinions of two social groups: farmers and residents. The purpose was to identify the best management strategies for the Management Plan and to actively involve the population in the decisions. The involvement of the local community turned out to be a very effective tool for the development of the Management Plan, suggesting a focus on the conservation of dry-stone terraces and the reduction of reforestation processes, as the strongest perceived threat is the abandonment of cultivated terraces and the resulting risk of landslides. The methodology applied in this study can be reproduced in other cultural landscapes characterized by high quality, complexity and fragility, while an active involvement of the population turned out to be important also for increasing the feeling that institutions take care of its issues.
Persistent Identifiers
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) [Beta]
Subjects
free text keywords: Agricultural heritage; Forests; Historical landscapes; Landscape dynamics; Public perception; Terraced landscape; UNESCO WHL, landscape dynamics, forests, public perception, historical landscapes, agricultural heritage, UNESCO WHL, terraced landscape, Nature and Landscape Conservation, Ecology, Global and Planetary Change, lcsh:Agriculture, lcsh:S, Local community, Environmental planning, Cultural heritage, Public participation, Geography, Cultural landscape, Abandonment (legal), Social group, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Compromise, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common
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Communities
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