publication . Article . 2019

Too Cute for Words: Cuteness Evokes the Heartwarming Emotion of Kama Muta

Kamilla Knutsen Steinnes; Kamilla Knutsen Steinnes; Johanna Katarina Blomster; Beate Seibt; Beate Seibt; Janis H. Zickfeld; Janis H. Zickfeld; Alan Page Fiske;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Mar 2019 Journal: Frontiers in Psychology, volume 10 (eissn: 1664-1078, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
A configuration of infantile attributes including a large head, large eyes, with a small nose and mouth low on the head comprise the visual baby schema or Kindchenschema that English speakers call “cute.” In contrast to the stimulus gestalt that evokes it, the evoked emotional response to cuteness has been little studied, perhaps because the emotion has no specific name in English, Norwegian, or German. We hypothesize that cuteness typically evokes kama muta, a social-relational emotion that in other contexts is often labeled in English as being moved or touched, heartwarming, nostalgia, patriotic feeling, being touched by the Spirit, the feels, etcetera. What e...
Persistent Identifiers
free text keywords: General Psychology, Baby schema, Cuteness, Kama muta, Being moved, Communal sharing, Elevation, Core values, :Ciências Sociais::Psicologia [Domínio/Área Científica], Original Research, kama mute, Cognitive Sciences, Empathic concern, Large head, Schema (psychology), Small nose, Psychology, Communication, business.industry, business, Gestalt psychology, Feeling, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, lcsh:Psychology, lcsh:BF1-990
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
92 references, page 1 of 7

Algoe, S. B., and Haidt, J. (2009). Witnessing excellence in action: the “otherpraising” emotions of elevation, gratitude, and admiration. J. Posit. Psychol. 4, 105-127. doi: 10.1080/17439760802650519

Aragón, O. R., and Bargh, J. A. (2018). So happy i could shout!” and “so happy i could cry!” dimorphous expressions represent and communicate motivational aspects of positive emotions. Cogn. Emot. 32, 286-302. doi: 10.1080/02699931. 2017.1301388 [OpenAIRE]

Aragón, O. R., Clark, M. S., Dyer, R. L., and Bargh, J. A. (2015). Dimorphous expressions of positive emotion: displays of both care and aggression in response to cute stimuli. Psychol. Sci. 26, 259-273. doi: 10.1177/095679761 4561044

Baron, Z. (2014). Where the Wild Things go Viral. Available at: story/buzzfeed-beastmaster-profile-march-2014 [accessed September 5, 2018].

Barrett, L. F. (2017). How Emotions are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Batson, C. D., Fultz, J., and Schoenrade, P. A. (1987). Distress and empathy: two qualitatively distinct vicarious emotions with different motivational consequences. J. Pers. 55, 19-39. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1987.tb00426.x [OpenAIRE]

Batson, C. D., Lishner, D. A., Cook, J., and Sawyer, S. (2005). Similarity and nurturance: two possible sources of empathy for strangers. Basic Appl. Soc. Psych. 27, 15-25. doi: 10.1207/s15324834basp 2701_2

Bauer, D. J., Preacher, K. J., and Gil, K. M. (2006). Conceptualizing and testing random indirect effects and moderated mediation in multilevel models: new procedures and recommendations. Psychol. Methods 11, 142-163. doi: 10.1037/ 1082-989X.11.2.142 [OpenAIRE]

Bellfield, J., Bimont, C., Blom, J., Dommeyer, C. J., Gardiner, K., Mathenia, E., et al. (2011). The effect of a cute stimulus on personally-Initiated, self-adminstered surveys. Mark. Bull. 22, 1-9.

Berry, D. S., and McArthur, L. Z. (1985). Some components and consequences of a babyface. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 48, 312-323. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.48.2.312

Borgi, M., Cogliati-Dezza, I., Brelsford, V., Meints, K., and Cirulli, F. (2014). Baby schema in human and animal faces induces cuteness perception and gaze allocation in children. Front. Psychol. 5:411. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00411 [OpenAIRE]

Bowman, N. A. (2012). Effect sizes and statistical methods for meta-analysis in higher education. Res. High. Educ. 53, 375-382. doi: 10.1007/s11162-011- 9232-5

Bradshaw, J. W. S., and Paul, E. S. (2010). Could empathy for animals have been an adaptation in the evolution of homo? Anim. Welf. 19, 107-112.

Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. J. Cross. Cult. Psychol. 1, 185-216. doi: 10.1177/135910457000100301

Buckley, R. C. (2016). Aww: the emotion of perceiving cuteness. Front. Psychol. 7:1740. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01740

92 references, page 1 of 7
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue