publication . Article . Conference object . 2015

Friendly touch increases gratitude by inducing communal feelings

Cláudia eSimão; Beate eSeibt; Beate eSeibt;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2015 Journal: Frontiers in Psychology, volume 6 (issn: 1664-1078, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
  • Country: Portugal
Abstract
Communion among people is easily identifiable. Close friends or relatives frequently touch each other and this physical contact helps identifying the type of relationship they have. We tested whether a friendly touch and benefits elicit the emotion of gratitude given the close link between gratitude and communal relations. In Study 1 we induced a communal mindset and manipulated friendly touch (vs. non-touch) and benefit to female participants by a female confederate. We measured pre- and post-benefit gratitude, communal feelings, and liking towards the toucher, as well as general affect. In Study 2 we manipulated mindset, friendly touch and benefit, and measure...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Touch, liking, Gratitude, Relational models theory, Communal relationships, :Ciências Sociais::Psicologia [Domínio/Área Científica], Original Research, lcsh:Psychology, lcsh:BF1-990, Mindset, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Social psychology, Mood, Causal model, Psychology, Feeling, Embodied cognition
Funded by
FCT| SFRH/BD/60413/2009
Project
SFRH/BD/60413/2009
THE FUNCTION OF POSITIVE SOCIAL EMOTIONS IN INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: SFRH/BD/60413/2009
  • Funding stream: SFRH | Doutoramento
,
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
49 references, page 1 of 4

Algoe, S. B. (2012). Find, remind, and bind: the functions of gratitude in everyday relationships. Soc. Pers. Psychol. Compass 6, 455-469. doi: 10.1111/j.1751- 9004.2012.00439.x [OpenAIRE]

Algoe, S. B., Gable, S. L., and Maisel, N. C. (2010). It's the little things: everyday gratitude as a booster shot for romantic relationships. Pers. Relatsh. 17, 217-233. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6811.2010.01273.x [OpenAIRE]

Algoe, S. B., and Haidt, J. (2009). Witnessing excellence in action: the “otherpraising” emotions of elevation, gratitude, and admiration. J. Posit. Psychol. 4, 105-127. doi: 10.1080/17439760802650519

Algoe, S. B., Haidt, J., and Gable, S. L. (2008). Beyond reciprocity: gratitude and relationships in everyday life. Emotion 8, 425-429. doi: 10.1037/1528- 3542.8.3.425 [OpenAIRE]

Baron, R. A. (1971). Behavioral effects of interpersonal attraction: compliance with requests from liked and disliked others. Psychon. Sci. 25, 325-326. doi: 10.3758/BF03335892

Baron, R. M., and Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychology research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 51, 1173-1182. doi: 10.1037/0022- 3514.51.6.1173

Bartlett, M. Y., Condon, P., Cruz, J., Baumann, J., and DeSteno, D. (2012). Gratitude: prompting behaviours that build relationships. Cogn. Emot. 26, 2-13. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2011.561297

Bartlett, M. Y., and DeSteno, D. (2006). Gratitude and prosocial behavior: helping when it costs you. Psychol. Sci. 17, 319-325. doi: 10.1111/j.1467- 9280.2006.01705.x

Camps, J., Tuteleers, C., Stouten, J., and Nelissen, J. (2012). A situational touch: how touch affects people's decision behavior. Soc. Influ. 8, 1-14. doi: 10.1080/15534510.2012.719479

Carney, D. R., Hall, J. A., and Lebau, L. S. (2005). Beliefs about the nonverbal expression of social power. J. Nonverbal Behav. 29, 105-123. doi: 10.1007/s10919-005-2743-z

Clark, M. S. (1984). Record keeping in two types of relationships. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 47, 549-557. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.47.3.549

Clark, M. S., Dubash, P., and Mills, J. (1998). Interest in another's consideration of one's needs in communal and exchange relationships. J. Exp. Soc. Psychol. 34, 246-264. doi: 10.1006/jesp.1998.1352

Clark, M. S., and Jordan, S. D. (2002). “Adherence to communal norms: what it means, when it occurs, and some thoughts on how it develops,” in New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, eds W. G. Graziano and B. Laursen (San Francisco, CA: Wiley), 3-25. doi: 10.1002/cd.34

Clark, M. S., and Mills, J. (1979). Interpersonal attraction in exchange and communal relationships. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 37, 12-24. doi: 10.1037/0022- 3514.37.1.12

DeSteno, D., Bartlett, M. Y., Baumann, J., Williams, L. A., and Dickens, L. (2010). Gratitude as a moral sentiment: emotion-guided cooperation in economic exchange. Emotion 10, 289-293. doi: 10.1037/a0017883

49 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Communion among people is easily identifiable. Close friends or relatives frequently touch each other and this physical contact helps identifying the type of relationship they have. We tested whether a friendly touch and benefits elicit the emotion of gratitude given the close link between gratitude and communal relations. In Study 1 we induced a communal mindset and manipulated friendly touch (vs. non-touch) and benefit to female participants by a female confederate. We measured pre- and post-benefit gratitude, communal feelings, and liking towards the toucher, as well as general affect. In Study 2 we manipulated mindset, friendly touch and benefit, and measure...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Touch, liking, Gratitude, Relational models theory, Communal relationships, :Ciências Sociais::Psicologia [Domínio/Área Científica], Original Research, lcsh:Psychology, lcsh:BF1-990, Mindset, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Social psychology, Mood, Causal model, Psychology, Feeling, Embodied cognition
Funded by
FCT| SFRH/BD/60413/2009
Project
SFRH/BD/60413/2009
THE FUNCTION OF POSITIVE SOCIAL EMOTIONS IN INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: SFRH/BD/60413/2009
  • Funding stream: SFRH | Doutoramento
,
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
49 references, page 1 of 4

Algoe, S. B. (2012). Find, remind, and bind: the functions of gratitude in everyday relationships. Soc. Pers. Psychol. Compass 6, 455-469. doi: 10.1111/j.1751- 9004.2012.00439.x [OpenAIRE]

Algoe, S. B., Gable, S. L., and Maisel, N. C. (2010). It's the little things: everyday gratitude as a booster shot for romantic relationships. Pers. Relatsh. 17, 217-233. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6811.2010.01273.x [OpenAIRE]

Algoe, S. B., and Haidt, J. (2009). Witnessing excellence in action: the “otherpraising” emotions of elevation, gratitude, and admiration. J. Posit. Psychol. 4, 105-127. doi: 10.1080/17439760802650519

Algoe, S. B., Haidt, J., and Gable, S. L. (2008). Beyond reciprocity: gratitude and relationships in everyday life. Emotion 8, 425-429. doi: 10.1037/1528- 3542.8.3.425 [OpenAIRE]

Baron, R. A. (1971). Behavioral effects of interpersonal attraction: compliance with requests from liked and disliked others. Psychon. Sci. 25, 325-326. doi: 10.3758/BF03335892

Baron, R. M., and Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychology research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 51, 1173-1182. doi: 10.1037/0022- 3514.51.6.1173

Bartlett, M. Y., Condon, P., Cruz, J., Baumann, J., and DeSteno, D. (2012). Gratitude: prompting behaviours that build relationships. Cogn. Emot. 26, 2-13. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2011.561297

Bartlett, M. Y., and DeSteno, D. (2006). Gratitude and prosocial behavior: helping when it costs you. Psychol. Sci. 17, 319-325. doi: 10.1111/j.1467- 9280.2006.01705.x

Camps, J., Tuteleers, C., Stouten, J., and Nelissen, J. (2012). A situational touch: how touch affects people's decision behavior. Soc. Influ. 8, 1-14. doi: 10.1080/15534510.2012.719479

Carney, D. R., Hall, J. A., and Lebau, L. S. (2005). Beliefs about the nonverbal expression of social power. J. Nonverbal Behav. 29, 105-123. doi: 10.1007/s10919-005-2743-z

Clark, M. S. (1984). Record keeping in two types of relationships. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 47, 549-557. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.47.3.549

Clark, M. S., Dubash, P., and Mills, J. (1998). Interest in another's consideration of one's needs in communal and exchange relationships. J. Exp. Soc. Psychol. 34, 246-264. doi: 10.1006/jesp.1998.1352

Clark, M. S., and Jordan, S. D. (2002). “Adherence to communal norms: what it means, when it occurs, and some thoughts on how it develops,” in New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, eds W. G. Graziano and B. Laursen (San Francisco, CA: Wiley), 3-25. doi: 10.1002/cd.34

Clark, M. S., and Mills, J. (1979). Interpersonal attraction in exchange and communal relationships. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 37, 12-24. doi: 10.1037/0022- 3514.37.1.12

DeSteno, D., Bartlett, M. Y., Baumann, J., Williams, L. A., and Dickens, L. (2010). Gratitude as a moral sentiment: emotion-guided cooperation in economic exchange. Emotion 10, 289-293. doi: 10.1037/a0017883

49 references, page 1 of 4
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