publication . Article . 2019

PENGEMBANGAN MESIN PENGUPAS KULIT BUAH AREN DENGAN METODE QUALITY FUNCTION DEPLOYMENT (QFD)

Robert Napitupulu; Zaldy Sirwansyah Suzen;
Open Access
  • Published: 21 May 2019 Journal: Manutech : Jurnal Teknologi Manufaktur, volume 8, pages 25-30 (issn: 2089-5550, eissn: 2621-3397, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Politeknik Manufaktur Negeri Bangka Belitung
  • Country: Indonesia
Abstract
This study aims to determine whether the development of palm fruit peeler machine by using Quality Function Deployment (QFD) can optimize the results of the palm fruit peeling in Balun Ijuk village, Bangka. The method used in the data collection is to survey the place, interview and distribute the questionnaires to the respondents. While the analysis of the data is by using the descriptive methods. The data obtained is analyzed by using the QFD, while the design and the engine development is made based on the analysis and interpretation of the House of Quality (HOQ), which is the result of QFD. Furthermore, to determine whether the tool is made completely in accordance with the demand of the consumer, then the machine is made and the tests to determine the level of need and customer satisfaction. The result of the study shows that the machine is able to peel more and the result of the peeling is that the machine can separate the skin from the seed by using the motor of 1PK electric power. While from the consumen satisfaction, it can be concluded that the price is affordable, the machine is durable and not easily porous, the performance of the tool is fast, it is easy to be operated, it saves more space, and easy to replace the spare parts.
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bahwa rancang bangun mesin pengupas buah aren dengan menggunakan metode Quality Function Deployment (QFD) dapat mengoptimalkan hasil pengupasan buah aren di desa Balun Ijuk Kabupaten Bangka. Objek penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah masyarakat di Desa Balun Ijuk Kabupaten Bangka sebagai penghasil kolang-kaling, diantaranya pengusaha dan para tenaga kerja yang mengupas kulit buah aren berjumlah 30 orang Responden. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah survei ketempat pembuatan kolangkaling, wawancara dan menyebarkan kuisioner kepada para responden, sedangkan untuk menganalisanya menggunakan metode deskriptif. Data yang diperoleh dianalisa menggunakan QFD, desain dan Pengembangan mesin yang dilakukan berdasarkan analisis dan interpretasi terhadap House of Quality (HoQ) yang merupakan hasil dari QFD. Selanjutnya, untuk mengetahui apakah alat yang dibuat benar-benar sesuai dengan keinginan konsumen, maka mesin tersebut dibuat dan dilakukan ujicoba untuk mengetahui tingkat kebutuhan dan kepuasan pelanggan.
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free text keywords: Indonesia, Computer science, Customer satisfaction, Spare part, Quality function deployment, Manufacturing engineering, Palm fruit, House of Quality, Data collection
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