publication . Article . 2001

Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data—or tears: An application to educational enrollments in states of India

Deon Filmer; Lant Pritchett;
  • Published: 01 Feb 2001 Journal: Demography, volume 38, pages 115-132 (issn: 0070-3370, eissn: 1533-7790, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
Abstract
This paper has an empirical and overtly methodological goal. The authors propose and defend a method for estimating the effect of household economic status on educational outcomes without direct survey information on income or expenditures. They construct an index based on indicators of household assets, solving the vexing problem of choosing the appropriate weights by allowing them to be determined by the statistical procedure of principal components. While the data for India cannot be used to compare alternative approaches they use data from Indonesia, Nepal, and Pakistan which have both expenditures and asset variables for the same households. With these data...
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free text keywords: Demography, Developing country, Socioeconomic status, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Economics, Income distribution, Econometrics, Household income, Estimation, Social class, Instrumental variable
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