publication . Article . 2021

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Biophysical Methods of Osteogenesis Stimulation: Review

Vladimir Emelianov; ELENA PREOBRAZHENSKAYA;
Open Access
  • Published: 15 Apr 2021 Journal: Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia, volume 27, pages 86-96 (issn: 2311-2905, eissn: 2542-0933, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Vreden Russian Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Abstract
Background. Stimulation of osteogenesis (SO) by biophysical methods has been widely used in practice to accelerate healing or stimulate the healing of fractures with non-unions, since the middle of the XIX century. SO can be carried out by direct current electrostimulation, or indirectly by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound, capacitive electrical coupling stimulation, and pulsed electromagnetic field stimulation. SO simulates natural physiological processes: in the case of electrical stimulation, it changes the electromagnetic potential of damaged cell tissues in a manner similar to normal healing processes, or in the case of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound, it pr...
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