publication . Article . 2020

Dosimetry of external population exposure: a comparison of the Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents

V. Yu. Golikov;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Mar 2020 Journal: Radiacionnaâ Gigiena, volume 13, issue 1, pages 27-37
  • Publisher: Saint-Petersburg Research Institute of Radiation Hygiene after Professor P.V. Ramzaev
Abstract
The paper is devoted to comparing the models and the doses of the population external exposure from radioactive fallout after the accident at the Chernobyl and Fukushima-1 NPPs estimated with their help. In the case of the Fukushima-1 accident, the model proposed by the UNSCEAR was used. Both the values of the doses of gamma radiation in the environment and the values of the effective doses of external exposure of comparable population groups normalized to the same surface activity of radionuclides were close for both accidents. The reasons for this are both the similarity of the isotopic compositions of the radioactive fallout and the fact that the “Japanese” m...
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Subjects
free text keywords: radiation accident, chernobyl npp, fukushima-1 npp, models of external exposure, gamma-radiation, effective dose, lcsh:Medical physics. Medical radiology. Nuclear medicine, lcsh:R895-920, lcsh:Radioactivity and radioactive substances, lcsh:QC794.95-798, Effective dose (radiation), Radiation dose, Radionuclide, Atmospheric sciences, Environmental science, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Radioactive fallout
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