publication . Article . 2016

The Chernobyl – Thirty Years After The Post – Accidental Radiological – Hygienic and Medical Consequences

G. G. Onishchenko;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jul 2016 Journal: Radiatsionnaya Gygiena = Radiation Hygiene, volume 9, pages 10-19 (issn: 1998-426X, eissn: 2409-9082, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: SPRI of Radiation Hygiene Prof. PV Ramzaev
Abstract
As the result of the Chernobyl NPP accident more than 200 thousand square kilometers of the European territories were contaminated by Cs-137 in the amount of above 37 kBq/m2 (1 Ci/km2 ). Belorussia, Russia and Ukraine amount up to 70% of this entire affected area. More than 600 000 people were engaged in the accidental cleanup operations, 340000 were evacuated or relocated within 1986-1991. The early stage evacuation efficacy is confirmed by the absence of acute radiation syndrome among the population and by the prevented collective dose which amounts to no less than 10 000 man/Sv. The effective measure to reduce the internal radiation dose to the population at ...
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free text keywords: the chernobyl npp accident, radionuclides, radioactive release, radioactive contamination, ionizing radiation dosimetry, radiation – hygienic consequences, medical and social –psychological consequences, radiation doses, Collective dose, Accidental, Radiological weapon, Radioactive contamination, Acute Radiation Syndrome, Geography, Effective dose (radiation), Nuclear medicine, business.industry, business, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Environmental health, Kilometer, lcsh:Medical physics. Medical radiology. Nuclear medicine, lcsh:R895-920, lcsh:Radioactivity and radioactive substances, lcsh:QC794.95-798
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