publication . Report . Research . 2014

Shipping Emissions in Ports

Olaf Merk;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2014 Journal: International Transport Forum Discussion Papers (eissn: 2223-439X, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)
Abstract
Shipping emissions in ports are substantial, accounting for 18 million tonnes of CO2 emissions, 0.4 million tonnes of NOx, 0.2 million of SOx and 0.03 million tonnes of PM10 in 2011. Around 85% of emissions come from containerships and tankers. Containerships have short port stays, but high emissions during these stays. Most of CO2 emissions in ports from shipping are in Asia and Europe (58%), but this share is low compared to their share of port calls (70%). European ports have much less emissions of SOx (5%) and PM (7%) than their share of port calls (22%), which can be explained by the EU regulation to use low sulphur fuels at berth. The ports with the larges...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Frachtschifffahrt, Treibhausgas-Emissionen, Hafen, Nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung, Welt, Engineering, business.industry, business, Road transport, Nitrogen oxides, Port (computer networking), Pollutant, Environmental engineering, Vessel diameter, Operations research, Particulates, ddc:330
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