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Kemija u Industriji
Article . 2022
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Utjecaj tehnologije raspršivanja na performanse apsorbera u H2O/LiBr apsorpcijskom rashladnom uređaju

Maouche, Wahiba; Douani, Mustapha; Labbaci, Abdallah; Tezcan Ün, Ümran; Derakhshandeh, Masoud;

Utjecaj tehnologije raspršivanja na performanse apsorbera u H2O/LiBr apsorpcijskom rashladnom uređaju

Abstract

For major thermal engines used in industrial sectors, the use of chillers has been growing steadily over the previous decades. Indeed, this is linked strongly to their large energy performance despite their investment costs, which are still high, in particular for low powers. Performance coefficients for absorption chillers are relatively low, and their profitability depends on the costs of the main equipment and more particularly on the price of the absorber. Several studies focusing on the development of mass contactors are underway with the principal objective of further improving their performance of mass and energy transfer. Relating to the mass and heat transfer, it is specified that the contact between the phases in circulation is ensured by different types of contactors. The transfer performance is correlated with the heat and mass transfer coefficient on the one hand, and the specific exchange area, i.e., the exchange area per unit volume of the contactor on the other hand. These contactors are distinguished by their mode of contact between phases (bubbling, spraying, falling film, etc.). While the exchange coefficient depends on the hydrodynamics regime in the contactor (flow regime and physicochemical properties of phases), the specific exchange area is dictated by its operating mode. Any limitation of its use for a specific application (physicochemical phenomena, such as crystallisation, deposited dust, etc.) requires research and development of better devices more adapted. Moreover, the most used contactors in chemical engineering are plate columns, packed columns, falling film columns, spray columns, etc. In order to intensify exchanges, a new absorber of the pulverised type is to be explored in relation with the physicochemical properties of the phases, and of their hydrodynamic flow conditions in the sprayed column. Therefore, an experimental study of the influence of operating variables (nozzle diameter, fluids flow rate, their concentrations, size of droplets, etc.) on the overall coefficient of mass transfer in gaseous phase in the absorber of the absorber chiller was conducted. After having fixed the pressure in the absorber, the first part of the study allowed developing new correlations linking the experimental results of the KG ∙ a to all operating variables (L, C, dd, etc.). The second part was devoted to the simulation of the absorption chiller functioning by introducing the concept of energy and exergy yields based on the mass transfer correlations.

Posljednjih desetljeća vidljiv je stalan porast upotrebe rashladnih uređaja kod glavnih toplinskih motora koji se upotrebljavaju u industrijskim sektorima. Koeficijenti učinka apsorpcijskih rashladnih uređaja relativno su niski, a njihova isplativost ovisi o troškovima glavne opreme, točnije o cijeni apsorbera. U tijeku je nekoliko studija razvoja kontaktora masa usmjerenih na poboljšanje prijenosa tvari i energije u kontaktorima. Vezano uz prijenos tvari i topline, specificirano je da se kontakt između cirkulirajućih faza ostvaruje različitim tipovima kontaktora. Učinak prijenosa koreliran je s koeficijentom prijenosa tvari i topline s jedne strane te specifičnom površinom izmjene, tj. površinom izmjene po jedinici volumena kontaktora, s druge strane. Kontaktori se razlikuju po načinu kontakta faza (mjehurići, raspršenje, padajući film, itd.). Dok koeficijent izmjene ovisi o hidrodinamičkom režimu u kontaktoru (režim protoka i fizikalno-kemijska svojstva faza), specifična površina izmjene ovisi o njegovu načinu rada. Ograničenje njegove uporabe na neku određenu primjenu (fizikalno-kemijske pojave poput kristalizacije) zahtijeva istraživanje i razvoj uređaja koji bi više bili prilagođeni spomenutoj primjeni. Štoviše, najčešće upotrebljavani kontaktori u kemijskom inženjerstvu su kolone s pliticama, kolone s punilima, kolone s padajućim filmovima, kolone za raspršivanje, itd. S ciljem povećanja izmjena, istražit će se novi praškasti apsorber i to s obzirom na fizikalno-kemijska svojstva faza i njihove hidrodinamičke uvjete strujanja u koloni za raspršivanje. Stoga je provedeno istraživanje utjecaja radnih varijabli (promjera mlaznice, protoka fluida, koncentracije fluida, veličine kapljica, itd.) na ukupni koeficijent prijenosa tvari u plinovitoj fazi u apsorberu rashladnog uređaja. Nakon fiksiranja tlaka u apsorberu, prvi dio istraživanja omogućio je razvoj novih korelacija koje povezuju eksperimentalne KG ∙ a rezultate sa svim radnim varijablama (L, C, dd, itd.). Drugi dio bio je posvećen simulaciji rada apsorpcijskog rashladnog uređaja uvođenjem koncepta energetskih i eksergijskih prinosa temeljenih na izrazima za prijenos tvari.

Country
Croatia
Keywords

General Chemical Engineering, General Chemistry, H2O/LiBr binary system; liquid vapour equilibrium; hydrodynamics of the spray absorber; overall coefficient of mass transfer; modelling, H2O/LiBr binarni sustav; ravnoteža para-kapljevina; hidrodinamika apsorbera s raspršivanjem; ukupni koeficijent prijenosa tvari; modeliranje

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This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
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influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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