publication . Article . 2019

Power and Vertical Positions in an Organization Chart: A Pre-Registered Replication Report of Study 3a and a Modification of Study 1a, Giessner & Schubert (2007)

Thomas Schubert; Steffen R. Giessner;
Open Access English
  • Published: 07 Jun 2019 Journal: Collabra (eissn: 2474-7394, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: The Regents of the University of California
Abstract
Study 1a of Giessner and Schubert (2007) found a causal effect of vertical spatial cues on power judgments. Recent work showed that this was a false positive (Klein et al., 2018). Here, we test whether another paradigm (i.e., original Study 3a) can be replicated, and develop an adjusted paradigm of original Study 1a to clarify what kind of vertical spatial cues influence power judgments. Our current preregistered Study 1 confirms original Study 3a of Giessner and Schubert (2007). It shows that information about the power of a leader is represented spatially by placing the leader’s box higher in an organigram. Our current Study 2 distinguishes vertical ranks from...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: power; rank, magnitude; embodiment; replication, Embodiment, Power, Rank, Magnitude, Replication, :Ciências Sociais::Psicologia [Domínio/Área Científica], rank, magnitude, lcsh:Psychology, lcsh:BF1-990, Organizational chart, Ranking, Spatial difference, Spatial cues, Causal effect, Mathematics, Magnitude (mathematics), Elevation, Statistics
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
29 references, page 1 of 2

Barsalou, L. W. (1999). Perceptual symbol systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 577-609. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X99002149 [OpenAIRE]

Barsalou, L. W. (2008). Grounded cognition. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 617-645. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093639

Dehaene, S., Bossini, S., & Giraux, P. (1993). The mental representation of parity and number magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 122, 371-396. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev. psych.59.103006.093639 [OpenAIRE]

Erland, A., Guadalupe, T. M., & Zwaan, R. A. (2011). Leaning to the left makes the Eiffel tower seem smaller: Posture-modulated estimation. Psychological Science, 22(12), 1511-1514. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1177/0956797611420731

Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 175-191. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193146

Fiske, A. P. (2004). Four modes of constituting relationships: consubstantial assimilation; space, magnitude, time, and force; concrete procedures; abstract symbolism. In N. Haslam (Ed.), Relational Models Theory. A contemporary overview (pp. 61-146). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Giessner, S. R., & Schubert, T. W. (2007). High in the hierarchy: How vertical location and judgments of leaders' power are interrelated. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 104, 30-44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j. obhdp.2006.10.001 [OpenAIRE]

Hall, J. A., Mast, M. S., & Latu, I. M. (2015). The vertical dimension of social relations and accurate interpersonal perception: A meta-analysis. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 39(2), 131-163. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1007/s10919-014-0205-1

Jiang, T., Sun, L., & Zhu, L. (2015). The influence of vertical motor responses on explicit and incidental processing of power words. Consciousness and Cognition, 34, 33-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j. concog.2015.02.018

Judge, T. A., & Cable, D. M. (2004). The effect of physical height on workplace success and income: preliminary test of a theoretical model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 428-441. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1037/0021-9010.89.3.428

Klein, R. A., et al. (2018). Many labs 2: Investigating variation in replicability across sample and setting. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science.

Lakens, D. (2012). Polarity correspondence in metaphor congruency effects: Structural overlap predicts categorization times for bipolar concepts presented in vertical space. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 38(3), 726-736. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024955

Lakens, D., Semin, G. R., & Foroni, F. (2010). Why your highness needs the people: Comparing the absolute and relative representation of power in vertical space. Social Psychology, 42, 205-213. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000064

Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors we live by. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Paladino, M. P., Mazzurega, M., & Bonfiglioli, C. (2017). Up-and-left as a spatial cue of leadership. British Journal of Social Psychology, 56(3), 599-608. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12179 [OpenAIRE]

29 references, page 1 of 2
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue