publication . Article . 2015

Judged and remembered trustworthiness of faces is enhanced by experiencing multisensory synchrony and asynchrony in the right order

Hugo Toscano; Thomas Schubert; Thomas Schubert;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2015
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
  • Country: Portugal
This work builds on the enfacement effect. This effect occurs when experiencing a rhythmic stimulation on one's cheek while seeing someone else's face being touched in a synchronous way. This typically leads to cognitive and social-cognitive effects similar to self-other merging. In two studies, we demonstrate that this multisensory stimulation can change the evaluation of the other's face. In the first study, participants judged the stranger's face and similar faces as being more trustworthy after synchrony, but not after asynchrony. Synchrony interacted with the order of the stroking; hence trustworthiness only changed when the synchronous stimulation occurred...
free text keywords: Enfacement, Face perception, Multisensory synchrony, Trustworthiness, :Ciências Naturais::Outras Ciências Naturais [Domínio/Área Científica], Research Article, Imitation, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Cognition, Asynchronous communication, Touch Perception, Cognitive psychology, Rhythm, Visual perception, Biology, lcsh:Medicine, lcsh:R, lcsh:Science, lcsh:Q
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
46 references, page 1 of 4

Maravita A, Spence C, Driver J. (2003). Multisensory integration and the body schema: close to hand and within reach. Current Biology, 13, R531-R539. PMID: 12842033 [OpenAIRE]

2. Blanke O, Metzinger T. (2009). Full-body illusions and minimal phenomenal selfhood. Trends in cognitive sciences, 13, 7-13. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2008.10.003 PMID: 19058991

3. Botvinick M, Cohen J. (1998). Rubber hands 'feel' touch that eyes see. Nature, 391, 756. PMID: 9486643 [OpenAIRE]

4. Tsakiris M, Haggard P. (2005). The rubber hand illusion revisited: visuotactile integration and self-attribution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 31, 80-91. PMID: 15709864 [OpenAIRE]

5. Paladino MP, Mazzurega M, Pavani F, Schubert TW. (2010). Synchronous multisensory stimulation blurs self-other boundaries. Psychological Science, 21, 1202-1207. doi: 10.1177/0956797610379234 PMID: 20679523 [OpenAIRE]

6. Sforza A, Bufalari I, Haggard P, Aglioti SM. (2010). My face in yours: Visuo tactile facial stimulation influences sense of identity. Social Neuroscience, 5, 148-162. doi: 10.1080/17470910903205503 PMID: 19813138

7. Tajadura-Jiménez A, Grehl S, Tsakiris M. (2012). The other in me: interpersonal multisensory stimulation changes the mental representation of the self. PloS one, 7, e40682. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone. 0040682 PMID: 22866177

8. Tsakiris M. (2008). Looking for myself: current multisensory input alters self-face recognition. PloS one, 3, e4040. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004040 PMID: 19107208 [OpenAIRE]

9. Fiske AP. (2004). Four modes of constituting relationships: Consubstantial assimilation; space, magnitude, time, and force; concrete procedures; abstract symbolism. In Haslam N. (Ed.), Relational models theory: A contemporary overview (pp. 61-146). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

10. Schubert TW, Toscano H, Waldzus S. (2015). Order effects in synchrony. Manuscript in preparation.

11. Tajadura-Jiménez A, Longo MR, Coleman R, Tsakiris M. (2012). The person in the mirror: using the enfacement illusion to investigate the experiential structure of self identification. Consciousness and cognition, 21, 1725-1738. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2012.10.004 PMID: 23123685

12. Mazzurega M, Pavani F, Paladino MP, Schubert TW. (2011). Self-other bodily merging in the context of synchronous but arbitrary-related multisensory inputs. Experimental brain research, 213, 213-221. doi: 10.1007/s00221-011-2744-6 PMID: 21656218 [OpenAIRE]

13. Lakens D. (2010). Movement synchrony and perceived entitativity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 701-708. [OpenAIRE]

14. Lakens D, Stel M. (2011). If they move in sync, they must feel in sync: Movement synchrony leads to attributions of rapport and entitativity. Social Cognition, 29, 1-14.

15. Willis J, Todorov A. (2006). First impressions making up your mind after a 100-ms exposure to a face. Psychological science, 17, 592-598. PMID: 16866745

46 references, page 1 of 4
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue