publication . Article . Conference object . 2014

Gratitude Depends on the Relational Model of Communal Sharing

Beate Seibt; Cláudia Simão;
Open Access English
  • Published: 22 Jan 2014
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
  • Country: Portugal
Abstract
We studied the relation between benefits, perception of social relationships and gratitude. Across three studies, we provide evidence that benefits increase gratitude to the extent to which one applies a mental model of a communal relationship. In Study 1, the communal sharing relational model, and no other relational models, predicted the amount of gratitude participants felt after imagining receiving a benefit from a new acquaintance. In Study 2, participants recalled a large benefit they had received. Applying a communal sharing relational model increased feelings of gratitude for the benefit. In Study 3, we manipulated whether the participant or another pers...
Subjects
free text keywords: Gratitude, Relational models theory, Communal sharing, Benefits, :Ciências Naturais::Outras Ciências Naturais [Domínio/Área Científica], Research Article, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Psychology, Behavior, Emotions, Human Relations, Social Psychology, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, lcsh:Medicine, lcsh:R, lcsh:Science, lcsh:Q, Relational model, Mental representation, Feeling, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Attribution, Interpersonal relationship, Social perception, Social theory
Funded by
FCT| SFRH/BD/60413/2009
Project
SFRH/BD/60413/2009
THE FUNCTION OF POSITIVE SOCIAL EMOTIONS IN INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: SFRH/BD/60413/2009
  • Funding stream: SFRH | Doutoramento
,
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
40 references, page 1 of 3

1 Smith A (1976) The theory of moral sentiments. 6th ed. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.

2 McCullough ME, Kilpatrick SD, Emmons RA, Larson DB (2001) Is gratitude a moral affect? Psychol Bull 127: 249–266 10.1037//0033-2909.127.2.249 11316013 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

3 McCullough ME, Kimeldorf MB, Cohen AD (2008) An adaptation for altruism? Curr Dir Psychol Sci 17: 281–285.

4 Algoe SB, Stanton AL (2012) Gratitude when it is needed most: Social functions of gratitude in women with metastatic breast cancer. Emotion 12: 163–168 10.1037/a0024024 21707160 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

5 Algoe SB, Haidt J, Gable SL (2008) Beyond reciprocity: Gratitude and relationships in everyday life. Emotion 8: 425–429 10.1037/1528-3542.8.3.425 18540759 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

6 Algoe SB (2012) Find, remind, and bind: The functions of gratitude in everyday relationships. Soc Personal Psychol Compass 6: 455–469 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2012.00439.x [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

7 Fiske AP (1992) The four elementary forms of sociality: Framework for a unified theory of social relations. Psychol Rev 99: 689–723.1454904 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

8 Fiske AP (2002) Socio-moral emotions motivate action to sustain r elationships. Self Identity 1: 169–175. [OpenAIRE]

9 Fiske AP, Haslam N (2005) The four basic social bonds: Structures for coordinating interaction. In: Baldwin MW, editor. Interpersonal cognition. New York: The Guilford Press. 267–298.

10 Haslam N (1994) Categories of social relationship. Cognition 53: 59–90.7988106 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

11 Fiske AP (2000) Complementarity theory: Why human social capacities evolved to require cultural complements. Personal Soc Psychol Rev 4: 76–94 10.1207/S15327957PSPR04017 [DOI]

12 Fiske AP, Haslam N (1996) Social cognition is thinking about relationships. Curr Dir Psychol Sci 5: 143–148. [OpenAIRE]

13 Henrich J, Gil-White FJ (2001) The evolution of prestige: Freely conferred deference as a mechanism for enhancing the benefits of cultural transmission. Evol Hum Behav 22: 165–196.11384884 [PubMed]

14 Algoe SB, Gable SL, Maisel NC (2010) It's the little things: Everyday gratitude as a booster shot for romantic relationships. Pers Relatsh 17: 217–233 10.1111/j.1475-6811.2010.01273.x [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

15 Heider F (1958) The psychology of interpersonal relations. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

40 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
We studied the relation between benefits, perception of social relationships and gratitude. Across three studies, we provide evidence that benefits increase gratitude to the extent to which one applies a mental model of a communal relationship. In Study 1, the communal sharing relational model, and no other relational models, predicted the amount of gratitude participants felt after imagining receiving a benefit from a new acquaintance. In Study 2, participants recalled a large benefit they had received. Applying a communal sharing relational model increased feelings of gratitude for the benefit. In Study 3, we manipulated whether the participant or another pers...
Subjects
free text keywords: Gratitude, Relational models theory, Communal sharing, Benefits, :Ciências Naturais::Outras Ciências Naturais [Domínio/Área Científica], Research Article, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Psychology, Behavior, Emotions, Human Relations, Social Psychology, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, lcsh:Medicine, lcsh:R, lcsh:Science, lcsh:Q, Relational model, Mental representation, Feeling, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Attribution, Interpersonal relationship, Social perception, Social theory
Funded by
FCT| SFRH/BD/60413/2009
Project
SFRH/BD/60413/2009
THE FUNCTION OF POSITIVE SOCIAL EMOTIONS IN INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: SFRH/BD/60413/2009
  • Funding stream: SFRH | Doutoramento
,
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
40 references, page 1 of 3

1 Smith A (1976) The theory of moral sentiments. 6th ed. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.

2 McCullough ME, Kilpatrick SD, Emmons RA, Larson DB (2001) Is gratitude a moral affect? Psychol Bull 127: 249–266 10.1037//0033-2909.127.2.249 11316013 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

3 McCullough ME, Kimeldorf MB, Cohen AD (2008) An adaptation for altruism? Curr Dir Psychol Sci 17: 281–285.

4 Algoe SB, Stanton AL (2012) Gratitude when it is needed most: Social functions of gratitude in women with metastatic breast cancer. Emotion 12: 163–168 10.1037/a0024024 21707160 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

5 Algoe SB, Haidt J, Gable SL (2008) Beyond reciprocity: Gratitude and relationships in everyday life. Emotion 8: 425–429 10.1037/1528-3542.8.3.425 18540759 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

6 Algoe SB (2012) Find, remind, and bind: The functions of gratitude in everyday relationships. Soc Personal Psychol Compass 6: 455–469 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2012.00439.x [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

7 Fiske AP (1992) The four elementary forms of sociality: Framework for a unified theory of social relations. Psychol Rev 99: 689–723.1454904 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

8 Fiske AP (2002) Socio-moral emotions motivate action to sustain r elationships. Self Identity 1: 169–175. [OpenAIRE]

9 Fiske AP, Haslam N (2005) The four basic social bonds: Structures for coordinating interaction. In: Baldwin MW, editor. Interpersonal cognition. New York: The Guilford Press. 267–298.

10 Haslam N (1994) Categories of social relationship. Cognition 53: 59–90.7988106 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

11 Fiske AP (2000) Complementarity theory: Why human social capacities evolved to require cultural complements. Personal Soc Psychol Rev 4: 76–94 10.1207/S15327957PSPR04017 [DOI]

12 Fiske AP, Haslam N (1996) Social cognition is thinking about relationships. Curr Dir Psychol Sci 5: 143–148. [OpenAIRE]

13 Henrich J, Gil-White FJ (2001) The evolution of prestige: Freely conferred deference as a mechanism for enhancing the benefits of cultural transmission. Evol Hum Behav 22: 165–196.11384884 [PubMed]

14 Algoe SB, Gable SL, Maisel NC (2010) It's the little things: Everyday gratitude as a booster shot for romantic relationships. Pers Relatsh 17: 217–233 10.1111/j.1475-6811.2010.01273.x [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

15 Heider F (1958) The psychology of interpersonal relations. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

40 references, page 1 of 3
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