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Publication . Article . Preprint . 2020

U.S. Churches' Response to Covid-19: Results from Facebook

Raiber, Eva; Seabright, Paul;
Published: 16 Dec 2020
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Country: France
International audience; This study investigates U.S. churches' response to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic by looking at their public Facebook posts. For religious organizations, in-person gatherings are at the heart of their activities. Yet religious in-person gatherings have been identified as some of the early hot spots of the pandemic, but there has also been controversy over the legitimacy of public restrictions on such gatherings. Our sample contains information on church characteristics and Facebook posts for nearly 4000 churches that posted at least once in 2020. The share of churches that offer an online church activity on a given Sunday more than doubled within two weeks at the beginning of the pandemic (the first half of March 2020) and stayed well above baseline levels. Online church activities are positively correlated with the local pandemic situation at the beginning, but uncorrelated with most state interventions. After the peak of the first wave (mid April), we observe a slight decrease in online activities. We investigate heterogeneity in the church responses and find that church size and worship style explain differences consistent with churches facing different demand and cost structures. Local political voting behavior, on the other hand, explains little of the variation. Descriptive analysis suggests that overall online activities, and the patterns of heterogeneity, remain unchanged through end-November 2020.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: humanities education


Covid-19 pandemic, Church, Social media, Facebook, JEL: H - Public Economics/H.H7 - State and Local Government • Intergovernmental Relations/H.H7.H75 - State and Local Government: Health • Education • Welfare • Public Pensions, JEL: I - Health, Education, and Welfare/I.I1 - Health/I.I1.I18 - Government Policy • Regulation • Public Health, JEL: Z - Other Special Topics/Z.Z1 - Cultural Economics • Economic Sociology • Economic Anthropology/Z.Z1.Z12 - Religion, [SHS.ECO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Economics and Finance

Funded by
Aix-Marseille School of Economics
  • Funder: French National Research Agency (ANR) (ANR)
  • Project Code: ANR-17-EURE-0020
Toulouse Graduate School défis en économie et sciences sociales quantitatives
  • Funder: French National Research Agency (ANR) (ANR)
  • Project Code: ANR-17-EURE-0010
Related to Research communities
Social Science and Humanities