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Publication . Article . 2005

Party Politics and Different Paths to Democratic Transitions

A Comparison of Benin and Senegal
Lucy E. Creevey; Paul Ngomo; Richard Vengroff;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jul 2005 Journal: Party Politics, volume 11, pages 471-493 (issn: 1354-0688, eissn: 1460-3683, Copyright policy )
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Abstract

Benin and Senegal represent two successful cases of democratic transition in Africa. They also represent two different paths to that end. This article explores the role of political parties in facilitating these different and successful paths to democratic transitions. In Benin, political parties and political leaders relied on the prevailing patterns of ethno-regional cleavages to structure their strategic interactions, mobilize electoral support and organize competition in legislative and presidential elections. In Senegal, an incremental pattern of institutional reform helped the ruling party retain power while enabling fragmented opposition groups to participate in competitive elections. In the long run, this helped opposition groups develop an effective electoral coalition to defeat the ruling party in presidential and legislative elections and bring about a turnover in government.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Political economy Democratization Opposition (politics) Democracy media_common.quotation_subject media_common Politics Legislature Political science Presidential system

Subjects

Sociology and Political Science

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Social Science and Humanities
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