publication . Other literature type . Article . 2018

Detecting reciprocity at a global scale

Frank, Morgan R.; Obradovich, Nick; Sun, Lijun; Woon, Wei Lee; LeVeck, Brad L.; Rahwan, Iyad;
Open Access
  • Published: 03 Jan 2018
  • Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
  • Country: United States
Abstract
Reciprocity stabilizes cooperation from the level of microbes all the way up to humans interacting in small groups, but does reciprocity also underlie stable cooperation between larger human agglomerations, such as nation states? Famously, evolutionary models show that reciprocity could emerge as a widespread strategy for achieving international cooperation. However, existing studies have only detected reciprocity-driven cooperation in a small number of country pairs. We apply a new method for detecting mutual influence in dynamical systems to a new large-scale data set that records state interactions with high temporal resolution. Doing so, we detect reciprocit...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: genetic structureseducationhealth care economics and organizationshealth care facilities, manpower, and services
free text keywords: SciAdv r-articles, Mathematics, International Cooperation, Research Article, Research Articles, SciAdv r-articles, Mathematics, International Cooperation, Reciprocity (social psychology), High temporal resolution, Microeconomics, Mutual influence, Small number, Dynamical systems theory, Exploit
52 references, page 1 of 4

1 Oye K. A., Explaining cooperation under anarchy: Hypotheses and strategies. World Polit.38, 1–24 (1985).

2 Lipson C., International cooperation in economic and security affairs. World Polit.37, 1–23 (1984).

3 T. Hobbes, Leviathan (A & C Black, 2006).

4 P. Turchin, Ultrasociety: How 10,000 Years of War Made Humans the Greatest Cooperators on Earth (Beresta Books, 2015).

5 Fearon J. D., Bargaining, enforcement, and international cooperation. Int. Organ.52, 269–305 (1998).

6 Stewart A. J., Plotkin J. B., From extortion to generosity, evolution in the Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.110, 15348–15353 (2013).24003115 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

7 BóP. D., Cooperation under the shadow of the future: Experimental evidence from infinitely repeated games. Am. Econ. Rev.95, 1591–1604 (2005).

8 BóP. D., Fréchette G. R., The evolution of cooperation in infinitely repeated games: Experimental evidence. Am. Econ. Rev.101, 411–429 (2011). [OpenAIRE]

9 Axelrod R., Hamilton W. D., The evolution of cooperation. Science 211, 1390–1396 (1981).7466396 [PubMed]

10 Rhodes C., Reciprocity in trade: The utility of a bargaining strategy. Int. Organ.43, 273–299 (1989).

11 A. T. Guzman, How International Law Works: A Rational Choice Theory (Oxford Univ. Press, 2008).

12 R. M. Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation (Basic Books, 2006).

13 Bechtel M. M., Scheve K. F., Mass support for global climate agreements depends on institutional design. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.110, 13763–13768 (2013).23886666 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

14 Hauser O. P., Hendriks A., Rand D. G., Nowak M. A., Think global, act local: Preserving the global commons. Sci. Rep.6, 36079 (2016).27808222 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

15 Axelrod R., The emergence of cooperation among egoists. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev.75, 306–318 (1981).

52 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Reciprocity stabilizes cooperation from the level of microbes all the way up to humans interacting in small groups, but does reciprocity also underlie stable cooperation between larger human agglomerations, such as nation states? Famously, evolutionary models show that reciprocity could emerge as a widespread strategy for achieving international cooperation. However, existing studies have only detected reciprocity-driven cooperation in a small number of country pairs. We apply a new method for detecting mutual influence in dynamical systems to a new large-scale data set that records state interactions with high temporal resolution. Doing so, we detect reciprocit...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: genetic structureseducationhealth care economics and organizationshealth care facilities, manpower, and services
free text keywords: SciAdv r-articles, Mathematics, International Cooperation, Research Article, Research Articles, SciAdv r-articles, Mathematics, International Cooperation, Reciprocity (social psychology), High temporal resolution, Microeconomics, Mutual influence, Small number, Dynamical systems theory, Exploit
52 references, page 1 of 4

1 Oye K. A., Explaining cooperation under anarchy: Hypotheses and strategies. World Polit.38, 1–24 (1985).

2 Lipson C., International cooperation in economic and security affairs. World Polit.37, 1–23 (1984).

3 T. Hobbes, Leviathan (A & C Black, 2006).

4 P. Turchin, Ultrasociety: How 10,000 Years of War Made Humans the Greatest Cooperators on Earth (Beresta Books, 2015).

5 Fearon J. D., Bargaining, enforcement, and international cooperation. Int. Organ.52, 269–305 (1998).

6 Stewart A. J., Plotkin J. B., From extortion to generosity, evolution in the Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.110, 15348–15353 (2013).24003115 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

7 BóP. D., Cooperation under the shadow of the future: Experimental evidence from infinitely repeated games. Am. Econ. Rev.95, 1591–1604 (2005).

8 BóP. D., Fréchette G. R., The evolution of cooperation in infinitely repeated games: Experimental evidence. Am. Econ. Rev.101, 411–429 (2011). [OpenAIRE]

9 Axelrod R., Hamilton W. D., The evolution of cooperation. Science 211, 1390–1396 (1981).7466396 [PubMed]

10 Rhodes C., Reciprocity in trade: The utility of a bargaining strategy. Int. Organ.43, 273–299 (1989).

11 A. T. Guzman, How International Law Works: A Rational Choice Theory (Oxford Univ. Press, 2008).

12 R. M. Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation (Basic Books, 2006).

13 Bechtel M. M., Scheve K. F., Mass support for global climate agreements depends on institutional design. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.110, 13763–13768 (2013).23886666 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

14 Hauser O. P., Hendriks A., Rand D. G., Nowak M. A., Think global, act local: Preserving the global commons. Sci. Rep.6, 36079 (2016).27808222 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

15 Axelrod R., The emergence of cooperation among egoists. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev.75, 306–318 (1981).

52 references, page 1 of 4
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