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Publication . Conference object . 2019

Attacking IEC-60870-5-104 SCADA Systems

Panagiotis Radoglou-Grammatikis; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Ioannis Giannoulakis; Emmanouil Kafetzakis; Emmanouil Panaousis;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jul 2019
Publisher: Zenodo
Abstract
The rapid evolution of the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) services transforms the conventional electrical grid into a new paradigm called Smart Grid (SG). Even though SG brings significant improvements, such as increased reliability and better energy management, it also introduces multiple security challenges. One of the main reasons for this is that SG combines a wide range of heterogeneous technologies, including Internet of Things (IoT) devices as well as Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems. The latter are responsible for monitoring and controlling the automatic procedures of energy transmission and distribution. Nevertheless, the presence of these systems introduces multiple vulnerabilities because their protocols do not implement essential security mechanisms such as authentication and access control. In this paper, we focus our attention on the security issues of the IEC 60870-5-104 (IEC-104) protocol, which is widely utilized in the European energy sector. In particular, we provide a SCADA threat model based on a Coloured Petri Net (CPN) and emulate four different types of cyber attacks against IEC-104. Last, we used AlienVault's risk assessment model to evaluate the risk level that each of these cyber attacks introduces to our system to confirm our intuition about their severity.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: SCADA Access control business.industry business Computer science Threat model Smart grid Computer security computer.software_genre computer IEC 60870-5 Coloured Petri net Electrical grid Energy management

Related Organizations
Funded by
EC| SPEAR
Project
SPEAR
SPEAR: Secure and PrivatE smArt gRid
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 787011
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
Validated by funder
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