publication . Research . Other literature type . Preprint . 2017

Prediction (or not) during language processing. A commentary on Nieuwland et al. (2017) and DeLong et al. (2005)

Shaorong Yan; Gina R. Kuperberg; T. Florian Jaeger;
Open Access
  • Published: 30 May 2017
  • Publisher: Unpublished
Abstract
AbstractThe extent to which language processing involves prediction of upcoming inputs remains a question of ongoing debate. One important data point comes from DeLong et al. (2005) who reported that an N400-like event-related potential correlated with a probabilistic index of upcoming input. This result is often cited as evidence for gradient probabilistic prediction of form and/or semantics, prior to the bottom-up input becoming available. However, a recent multi-lab study reports a failure to find these effects (Nieuwland et al., 2017). We review the evidence from both studies, including differences in the design and analysis approach between them. Building o...
Subjects
free text keywords: N400, Artificial intelligence, business.industry, business, Semantic memory, Probabilistic logic, Computer science, Bayesian surprise, Semantics, Spell, Comprehension, Future studies, Natural language processing, computer.software_genre, computer
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NIH| The neural basis of language comprehension: Insights from spatiotemporal imaging
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NIH| Phonetic adaptation as (near) rational learning in a variable environment
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Preprint . 2017
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Research . 2017
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Other literature type . 2017
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