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Cerebral Cortex
Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
License: OUP Standard Publication Reuse
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Cerebral Cortex
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Cerebral Cortex
Article . 2020
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Mapping Specific Mental Content during Musical Imagery

Authors: Mor Regev; Andrea R. Halpern; Adrian M. Owen; Aniruddh D. Patel; Robert J. Zatorre;

Mapping Specific Mental Content during Musical Imagery

Abstract

Abstract Humans can mentally represent auditory information without an external stimulus, but the specificity of these internal representations remains unclear. Here, we asked how similar the temporally unfolding neural representations of imagined music are compared to those during the original perceived experience. We also tested whether rhythmic motion can influence the neural representation of music during imagery as during perception. Participants first memorized six 1-min-long instrumental musical pieces with high accuracy. Functional MRI data were collected during: 1) silent imagery of melodies to the beat of a visual metronome; 2) same but while tapping to the beat; and 3) passive listening. During imagery, inter-subject correlation analysis showed that melody-specific temporal response patterns were reinstated in right associative auditory cortices. When tapping accompanied imagery, the melody-specific neural patterns were reinstated in more extensive temporal-lobe regions bilaterally. These results indicate that the specific contents of conscious experience are encoded similarly during imagery and perception in the dynamic activity of auditory cortices. Furthermore, rhythmic motion can enhance the reinstatement of neural patterns associated with the experience of complex sounds, in keeping with models of motor to sensory influences in auditory processing.

Country
Canada
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Melody media_common.quotation_subject Sensory system Metronome Stimulus (physiology) law.invention Rhythm law Perception media_common Auditory imagery Psychology Beat (music) Cognitive psychology

Keywords

Adult, Male, Adolescent, Movement, Cognitive Neuroscience, Sensation, Pitch Discrimination, Young Adult, Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience, auditory imagery, Humans, music, Pitch Perception, Auditory Cortex, Brain Mapping, fMRI, rhythmic motion, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Acoustic Stimulation, Auditory Perception, Imagination, inter-subject correlation, Female, Music

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    10
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
10
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
hybrid
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