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Article . 2020
License: CC BY
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Environmental Research Letters
Article . 2020
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ZENODO; Environmental Research Letters
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License: CC BY
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Brazilian amazon indigenous peoples threatened by mining bill

Authors: Ana C. Rorato; Gilberto Camara; Maria Isabel Sobral Escada; Michelle Cristina Araujo Picoli; Tiago Moreira; Judith A. Verstegen;

Brazilian amazon indigenous peoples threatened by mining bill

Abstract

Abstract The Brazilian Amazon has the highest concentration of indigenous peoples in the world. Recently, the Brazilian government sent a bill to Congress to regulate commercial mining in indigenous lands. This work analyzes the risks of the proposed mining bill to Amazonian indigenous peoples and their lands. To evaluate the possible impact of the new mining bill, we consider all mining license requests registered in Brazil’s National Mining Agency that overlap indigenous lands as potential mining areas in the future. The existing mining requests cover 176 000 km2 of indigenous lands, a factor 3000 more than the area of current illegal mining. Considering only these existing requests, about 15% of the total area of ILs in the region could be directly affected by mining if the bill is approved. Ethnic groups like Yudjá, Kayapó, Apalaí, Wayana, and Katuena may have between 47% and 87% of their lands impacted. Gold mining, which has previously shown to cause mercury contamination, death of indigenous people due to diseases, and biodiversity degradation, accounts for 64% of the requested areas. We conclude that the proposed bill is a significant threat to Amazonian indigenous peoples, further exposing indigenous peoples to rural violence, contamination by toxic pollutants, and contagious diseases. The obligation of the government is to enforce existing laws and regulations that put indigenous rights and livelihoods above economic consideration and not to reduce such protections.

Countries
Germany, Netherlands
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Indigenous Agroforestry Amazon rainforest Geography Threatened species

Dewey Decimal Classification: ddc:550

Keywords

Science, QC1-999, amazon, indigenous peoples; indigenous lands; mining; policy; amazon, mining, Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering, GE1-350, TD1-1066, indigenous peoples, General Environmental Science, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Physics, Q, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, indigenous lands, Environmental sciences, Earth sciences, policy

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    Top 10%
    influence
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
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