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Hematology; ZENODO
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Hematology
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Hematology
Article . 2006
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Causes and consequences of the autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome

Authors: Koneti Rao, V.; Straus, Stephen E.;

Causes and consequences of the autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome

Abstract

Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is the first autoimmune hematological disease whose genetic basis has been defined. It is a disorder of apoptosis in which the inability of lymphocytes to die leads to lymphadenopathy, hypersplenism, and autoimmune cytopenias of childhood onset. More than 200 ALPS patients have been studied over the last 15 years and followed by our colleagues and ourselves at the Clinical Center of the National Institutes of Health. Based upon this experience we have determined that patients with germline mutations of the intracellular domain of Fas protein, the most frequent single genetic cause of ALPS, have a significantly increased risk of developing Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), underscoring the critical role played by cell surface receptor-mediated apoptosis in eliminating redundant proliferating lymphocytes with autoreactive and oncogenic potential. The major determinants of morbidity and mortality in ALPS are the severity of the autoimmune disease, hypersplenism, asplenia-related sepsis, and the risk of lymphoma, which in itself requires long-term surveillance. Though most episodes of cytopenias respond to courses of conventional immunomodulatory agents, some ALPS patients, especially those with massive splenomegaly and hypersplenism, may require splenectomy and/or ongoing immunosuppressive treatment. Thus, ALPS highlights the importance of cell death pathways in health and disease.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Disease medicine.disease_cause Germline mutation medicine Autoimmune disease Mutation business.industry medicine.disease Lymphoma Increased risk Apoptosis Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome Immunology business

Keywords

Adult, Male, Apoptosis, Autoimmune Diseases, Humans, fas Receptor, Child, Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Hematology, Hodgkin Disease, United States, Protein Structure, Tertiary, National Institutes of Health (U.S.), Child, Preschool, Mutation, Female

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  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    61
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Top 10%
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
61
Top 10%
Top 10%
Top 10%
gold