publication . Article . 2008

Belief–logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel-process model

Edward J. N. Stupple; Linden J. Ball;
Open Access
  • Published: 29 Apr 2008 Journal: Thinking & Reasoning, volume 14, pages 168-181 (issn: 1354-6783, eissn: 1464-0708, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Abstract
An experiment is reported examining dual-process models of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning using a problem complexity manipulation and an inspection-time method to monitor processing latencies for premises and conclusions. Endorsement rates indicated increased belief bias on complex problems, a finding that runs counter to the “belief-first” selective scrutiny model, but which is consistent with other theories, including “reasoning-first” and “parallel-process” models. Inspection-time data revealed a number of effects that, again, arbitrated against the selective scrutiny model. The most striking inspection-time result was an interaction between logic and b...
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Subjects
free text keywords: Philosophy, Psychology (miscellaneous), Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive psychology, Logical reasoning, Syllogism, Conflict resolution, Cognition, Computer science, Cognitive bias, Heuristic, Artificial intelligence, business.industry, business, Belief bias, Scrutiny
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