publication . Article . 2014

The Triple Helix in the context of global change: dynamics and challenges

Helen Lawton Smith; Loet Leydesdorff;
Open Access English
  • Published: 02 Oct 2014 Journal: Prometheus, volume 32, issue 4, pages 321-336 (issn: 0810-9028, Copyright policy)
Understanding how economies change through interactions with science and government as different spheres of activity requires both new conceptual tools and methodologies. In this paper, the evolution of the metaphor of a Triple Helix of university–industry–government relations is elaborated into an evolutionary model, and positioned within the context of global economic changes. We highlight how Triple Helix relations are both continuing and mutating, and the conditions under which a Triple Helix might be seen to be unraveling in the face of pressures on each of the three helices – university, industry, and government. The reciprocal dynamics of innovation both ...
free text keywords: man, Triple helix, Metaphor, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Helix, Economic geography, Global change, Reciprocal, Embeddedness, Knowledge management, business.industry, business, Government, Economics
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