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identification of phenolic compounds from seed coats of differently colored european varieties of pea pisum sativum l and characterization of their antioxidant and in vitro anticancer activities

Authors: Stanisavljević, Nemanja S.; Ilić, Marija D.; Matić, Ivana Z.; Jovanović, Živko S.; Čupić, Tihomir; Dabić, Dragana Č.; Natić, Maja M.; +1 Authors

identification of phenolic compounds from seed coats of differently colored european varieties of pea pisum sativum l and characterization of their antioxidant and in vitro anticancer activities

Abstract

To date little has been done on identification of major phenolic compounds responsible for anticancer and antioxidant properties of pea (Pisum sativum L.) seed coat extracts. In the present study, phenolic profile of the seed coat extracts from 10 differently colored European varieties has been determined using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-linear trap quadrupole orbitrap mass spectrometer technique. Extracts of dark colored varieties with high total phenolic content (up to 46.56 mg GAE/g) exhibited strong antioxidant activities (measured by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl or DPPH assay, and ferric ion reducing and ferrous ion chelating capacity assays) which could be attributed to presence of gallic acid, epigallocatechin, naringenin, and apigenin. The aqueous extracts of dark colored varieties exert concentration-dependent cytotoxic effects on all tested malignant cell lines (human colon adenocarcinoma LS174, human breast carcinoma MDA-MB-453, human lung carcinoma A594, and myelogenous leukemia K562). Correlation analysis revealed that intensities of cytotoxic activity of the extracts strongly correlated with contents of epigallocatechin and luteolin. Cell cycle analysis on LS174 cells in the presence of caspase-3 inhibitor points out that extracts may activate other cell death modalities besides caspase-3-dependent apoptosis. The study provides evidence that seed coat extracts of dark colored pea varieties might be used as potential cancer-chemopreventive and complementary agents in cancer therapy.

Countries
Serbia, Croatia
Keywords

Crops, Agricultural, Cell Survival, Croatia, Iron Chelating Agents, Antioxidants, Catechin, rapid colorimetric assay ; green tea ; gallic acid ; cancer ; cells ; polyphenols ; mechanisms ; legumes ; growth ; EGCG, Plant Epidermis, Phenols, Cell Line, Tumor, Gallic Acid, Anticarcinogenic Agents, Humans, Apigenin, Luteolin, Pisum sativum, Flavonoids, Principal Component Analysis, Plant Extracts, Pigments, Biological, Dietary Supplements, Flavanones, Seeds

  • BIP!
    Impact byBIP!
    citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    37
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
37
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
bronze