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Publication . Article . 2011

A review of the effectiveness and acceptability of the female condom for dual protection.

Maria F. Gallo; Maggie Kilbourne-Brook; Patricia S. Coffey;
Open Access
Published: 03 Mar 2011 Journal: Sexual health, volume 9, issue 1 (issn: 1448-5028, Copyright policy )

The female condom remains the sole female-initiated method of dual protection against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmissible infections (STIs), including HIV. We reviewed published data on the effectiveness and acceptability of the female condom for protection against pregnancy and infection. Overall, use of the female condom is low and several barriers hinder the wider adoption of the use of the method. Research on effectiveness has focussed on pregnancy, STIs and biological markers of semen exposure. Although the data available suggest that female condoms (or a mixture of female and male condoms) may provide similar degrees of protection against pregnancy and STIs as do latex male condoms alone, this conclusion has not been demonstrated and thus comparative research is urgently needed.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: virus diseases

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Unintended pregnancy Gynecology medicine.medical_specialty medicine Genital warts medicine.disease Female condom law.invention law Gonorrhea Pregnancy Environmental health Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) Chlamydia Family planning business.industry business


Adult, Condoms, Female, Contraception Behavior, Female, HIV Infections, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Male, Patient Acceptance of Health Care, Pregnancy, Pregnancy, Unwanted, Risk Reduction Behavior, Sexual Behavior, Sexual Partners, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Women's Health, Infectious Diseases, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health