publication . Article . 2020

Recent advances in hydrothermal carbonisation: from tailored carbon materials and biochemicals to applications and bioenergy

from tailored carbon materials and biochemicals to applications and bioenergy
Sabina A. Nicolae; Heather Au; Pierpaolo Modugno; Hui Luo; Anthony E. Szego; Mo Qiao; Liang Li; Wang Yin; Hero J. Heeres; Nicole D. Berge; ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 07 Aug 2020 Journal: Green Chemistry, volume 22, issue 15, pages 4,747-4,800 (issn: 1463-9262, eissn: 1463-9270, Copyright policy)
  • Country: Netherlands
Abstract
Introduced in the literature in 1913 by Bergius, who at the time was studying biomass coalification, Hydrothermal Carbonisation, as many other technologies based on renewables, was forgotten during the “industrial revolution”. It was rediscovered back in 2005, on the one hand, to follow the trend set by Bergius of biomass to coal for decentralised energy generation, and on the other hand as a novel green method to prepare advanced carbon materials and chemicals from biomass in water, under mild temperatures for energy storage and conversion and environmental protection. In this review, we will present an overview on the latest trends in Hydrothermal Carbonisation to include biomass to bioenergy, upgrading of hydrothermal carbons to fuels over heterogenous catalysts, advanced carbon materials and their application in batteries, electrocatalysis and heterogenous catalysis and finally an analysis of the chemicals in the liquid phase as well as a new family of fluorescent nanomaterials formed at the interface between the liquid and the solid phase, known as hydrothermal carbon nanodots.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) [Beta]
Subjects
free text keywords: DOPED POROUS CARBON, ACID-CATALYZED DEHYDRATION, METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK, SOLID-FUEL PRODUCTION, HIGH-SURFACE-AREA, ACTIVATED CARBONS, LEVULINIC ACID, OXYGEN REDUCTION, HARD CARBON, MESOPOROUS CARBON, Pollution, Environmental Chemistry, Energy storage, Nanomaterials, Renewable energy, business.industry, business, Biomass, Hydrothermal circulation, Heterogeneous catalysis, Environmental science, Carbon, chemistry.chemical_element, chemistry, Bioenergy, Waste management
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Funded by
EC| GreenCarbon
Project
GreenCarbon
Advanced Carbon Materials from Biowaste: Sustainable Pathways to Drive Innovative Green Technologies
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 721991
  • Funding stream: H2020 | MSCA-ITN-ETN
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