• shareshare
  • link
  • cite
  • add
Publication . Article . 2020

Highly-efficient removal of Pb(ii), Cu(ii) and Cd(ii) from water by novel lithium, sodium and potassium titanate reusable microrods

Monika Motlochová; Václav Slovák; Eva Pližingrová; Sven Lidin; Jan Šubrt;
Open Access
Published: 22 Jan 2020 Journal: RSC Advances, volume 10, pages 3,694-3,704 (eissn: 2046-2069, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
In this work, we report on the efficient removal of heavy metal ions with nanostructured lithium, sodium and potassium titanates from simulated wastewater. The titanates were obtained via a fast, easy and cost effective process based on extraction of sulfate ions from the crystals of titanyl sulfate and their replacement with hydroxyl groups of NaOH, LiOH and KOH solutions leaving the Ti–O framework intact. The as-prepared titanates were carefully examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, the effect of contact time, pH, annealing temperature, together with adsorption in real conditions including competitive adsorption and reusability were studied. It was found that the maximum adsorption capacity, as calculated from the Langmuir adsorption model, is up to 3.8 mmol Pb(II) per g, 3.6 mmol Cu(II) per g and 2.3 mmol Cd(II) per g. Based on the characterization results, a possible mechanism for heavy metal removal was proposed. This work provides a very efficient, fast and convenient approach for exploring promising materials for water treatment.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Solid-state chemistry Metal ions in aqueous solution Adsorption Langmuir adsorption model symbols.namesake symbols Water treatment Potassium chemistry.chemical_element chemistry Inorganic chemistry Metal visual_art.visual_art_medium visual_art Sodium


General Chemical Engineering, General Chemistry

Related Organizations