publication . Article . 1995

Simulation of abrupt climate change induced by freshwater input to the North Atlantic Ocean

Syukuro Manabe; Ronald J. Stouffer;
Open Access
  • Published: 09 Nov 1995 Journal: Nature, volume 378, pages 165-167 (issn: 0028-0836, eissn: 1476-4687, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Abstract
TEMPERATURE records from Greenland ice cores1,2 suggest that large and abrupt changes of North Atlantic climate occurred frequently during both glacial and postglacial periods; one example is the Younger Dryas cold event. Broecker3 speculated that these changes result from rapid changes in the thermohaline circulation of the Atlantic Ocean, which were caused by the release of large amounts of melt water from continental ice sheets. Here we describe an attempt to explore this intriguing phenomenon using a coupled ocean–atmosphere model. In response to a massive surface flux of fresh water to the northern North Atlantic of the model, the thermohaline circulation w...
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free text keywords: Multidisciplinary, Physical oceanography, Abrupt climate change, Atlantic Equatorial mode, Shutdown of thermohaline circulation, Younger Dryas, Thermohaline circulation, North Atlantic Deep Water, Oceanography, Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, Geology
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