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Publication . Article . 1997

Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal

Robert R. McCrae; Paul T. Costa;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jun 1997
Publisher: Zenodo
Abstract

Patterns of covariation among personality traits in English-speaking populations can be summarized by the five-factor model (FFM). To assess the cross-cultural generalizability of the FFM, data from studies using 6 translations of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (P.T. Costa & R. R. McCrae, 1992) were compared with the American factor structure. German, Portuguese, Hebrew, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese samples (N = 7,134) showed similar structures after varimax rotation of 5 factors. When targeted rotations were used, the American factor structure was closely reproduced, even at the level of secondary loadings. Because the samples studied represented highly diverse cultures with languages from 5 distinct language families, these data strongly suggest that personality trait structure is universal.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Personality media_common.quotation_subject media_common Alternative five model of personality Big Five personality traits Revised NEO Personality Inventory Psychology Developmental psychology Absorption (psychology) Big Five personality traits and culture Varimax rotation Facet (psychology)

Subjects

General Psychology, General Medicine

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American Psychologist
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