publication . Article . 2018

‘A Christian solution to international tension’: Nikolai Berdyaev, the American YMCA, and Russian Orthodox influence on Western Christian anti-communism, c.1905–60

Christopher Stroop;
Open Access
  • Published: 21 Jun 2018
Abstract
AbstractBuilding on recent research into the religious aspects of the Cold War and the humanitarian efforts of the American Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) in early twentieth-century Europe, this article locates the historical origins of religious anti-communism in late imperial Russian reactions to the revolution of 1905–07. It explores the interactions of Russian Orthodox Christian intellectuals, especially Nikolai Aleksandrovich Berdyaev, with prominent YMCA leaders such as Donald A. Lowrie and Paul B. Anderson, both of whom were mainline Protestants. Using Russian and US archives, the article documents the networks and mechanisms through which Berdy...
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Subjects
free text keywords: anti-communism, Christianity and society, Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian diaspora, YMCA, Sociology and Political Science, History, Correlation and dependence, Interwar period, Religious values, Nihilism, Religious studies, Humanism, Communism, Christianity, Political science, Opposition (planets)
Communities
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Funded by
EC| POSEC
Project
POSEC
Postsecular Conflicts and the role of Russian Orthodoxy in the transnational alliances of moral conservative traditionalists
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 676804
  • Funding stream: H2020 | ERC | ERC-STG
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