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ZENODO; Safety Science
Other literature type . Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
License: Elsevier TDM
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Selecting effective colors for high-visibility safety apparel

Authors: Mina, Achilleas; Lanitis, Antreas; Dimitriou, Pavlos Alexandros; Partaourides, Harris; Pericleous, Pericles;

Selecting effective colors for high-visibility safety apparel

Abstract

Abstract The proper use of high-visibility safety apparel (HVSA) increases conspicuity and reduces accident rates. The main factor affecting daytime conspicuity is the color contrast between HVSA and the ambient background environment. Selecting HVSA without considering their contrast to the worksite environment may result in unsafe situations where HVSA not only fail to provide the desired conspicuity but also act as camouflage. One such situation is the use of red HVSA on oil tankers with brown decks. This paper presents a methodology for selecting the most effective HVSA color for a particular worksite. Using image analysis techniques, we can assess the contrast between a set of high-visibility colors and the colors present at a worksite in order to determine the most effective HVSA color for the particular site. The methodology was experimentally validated with the help of 50 volunteers and the use of a purpose-built validation software. Results showed a 27% reduction in the time required to detect workers when the color of their HVSA was changed to match the color determined as per the proposed methodology.

Country
Cyprus
Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Computer science media_common.quotation_subject Contrast (vision) Computer vision Color contrast Visibility Set (psychology) media_common business.industry Clothing Camouflage Artificial intelligence business

Keywords

Conspicuity, Design, Visibility aids, High-visibility vest, Humanities, Personal protective equipment, Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality, Occupational safety, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, Workplace Intervention, Safety Research

29 references, page 1 of 3

ANSI-ISEA-107-2015 (2015), American National Standard for High-Visibility Safety Apparel and Accessories. International Safety Equipment Association.

Bauer, B., Jolicoeur, P., Cowan, W.B., 1996. Visual search for colour targets that are or are not linearly separable from distractors. Vision Res. 36 (10), 1439-1466. https://doi. org/10.1016/0042-6989(95)00207-3. [OpenAIRE]

Barton, J.E., Misener, J.A., Cohn, T.E., 2002. Computational vision model to assess workzone conspicuity. Transp. Res. Rec. 1801 (1), 73-79. https://doi.org/10.3141/ 1801-09.

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CCOHS, Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety (2019), High-Visibility Safety Apparel: OSH Answers, https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/prevention/ppe/ high_visibility.html.

Carter, R.C., 1982. Visual search with color. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 8 (1), 127. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-1523.8.1.127.

Chen, P., Shen, Q., 2016. Built environment efects on cyclist injury severity in automobile-involved bicycle crashes. Accid. Anal. Prev. 86, 239-246. https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.aap.2015.11.002.

Connolly, C., Fleiss, T., 1997. A study of eficiency and accuracy in the transformation from RGB to CIELAB color space. IEEE Trans. Image Process. 6 (7), 1046-1048. https://doi.org/10.1109/83.597279. [OpenAIRE]

Cottrell, Wayne D., 2006. Highway worker visibility: State of the Practice and Policy Considerations, University of Utah & Utah Department of Transportation Research and Development Division, Report No. UT-06.04.

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
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influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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impulse
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