publication . Other literature type . Article . 2016

Whewell on the classification of the sciences

Raphaël Sandoz;
Open Access
  • Published: 21 Oct 2016
Abstract Despite deserving a place amongst the historic milestones of the philosophy of disciplines, the system of the sciences put forward by Whewell has so far received little interest. Yet his ideas had a significant impact on the researches subsequently carried out on the topic, exerting in particular a decisive influence on Peirce and Spencer. The present paper aims to display the innovatory nature of the philosophical foundations of the Whewellian classification of the sciences. In this respect, we will argue that the most striking feature of his disciplinary system lies in a heuristic categorization of the sciences according to their “methods of discovery...
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free text keywords: History and Philosophy of Science, History, Sociology, Scientific discovery, Discipline, Classification of the sciences, Ontology, Milestone (project management), Unity of science, Epistemology, Categorization
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