publication . Article . 2008

Inhibitory effects of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil on growth and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus parasiticus

Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh; Masoomeh Shams-Ghahfarokhi; Tomoya Yoshinari; Mohammad-Bagher Rezaee; Kamkar Jaimand; Hiromichi Nagasawa; Shohei Sakuda;
  • Published: 19 Feb 2008 Journal: International Journal of Food Microbiology, volume 123, pages 228-233 (issn: 0168-1605, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract In an effort to screen the essential oils of some Iranian medicinal plants for novel aflatoxin (AF) inhibitors, Satureja hortensis L. was found as a potent inhibitor of aflatoxins B 1 (AFB 1 ) and G 1 (AFG 1 ) production by Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999. Fungal growth was also inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. Separation of the plant inhibitory substance(s) was achieved using initial fractionation of its effective part (leaf essential oil; LEO) by silica gel column chromatography and further separation by reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). These substances were finally identified as carvacrol and thymol, based on the...
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Medical Subject Headings: food and beverages
free text keywords: Thymol, chemistry.chemical_compound, chemistry, Satureja hortensis,, food, Essential oil, law.invention, law, Chromatography, High-performance liquid chromatography, Mycotoxin, Aspergillus parasiticus, biology.organism_classification, biology, Aflatoxin, Carvacrol
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