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Esterase and peroxidase isoforms in different stages of morphogenesis in Fritillaria meleagris L. in bulb-scale culture

Authors: Petric, Marija; Subotic, Angelina; Jevremovic, Sladana; Trifunović-Momcilov, Milana; Tadić, Vojin; Grujić, Marica; Vujčić, Zoran;

Esterase and peroxidase isoforms in different stages of morphogenesis in Fritillaria meleagris L. in bulb-scale culture

Abstract

Morphogenesis in vitro is a complex and still poorly defined process. We investigated esterase and peroxidase isoforms detected in bulb scale, during Fritillaria meleagris morphogenesis. Bulbs were grown either at 4 degrees C or on a medium with an increased concentration of sucrose (4.5\%) for 30 days. After these pre-treatments, the bulb scales were further grown on nutrient media that contained different concentrations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and kinetin (KIN) or thidiazuron (TDZ). Regeneration of somatic embryos and bulblets occurred at the same explant. The highest numbers of somatic embryos and bulblets were regenerated on the medium containing 2,4-D and KIN (1 mg/L each), while morphogenesis was most successful at a TDZ concentration between 0.5 and 1 mg/L. Monitoring of esterases and peroxidases was performed by growing bulb scales on a medium enriched with 2,4-D and KIN or TDZ (1 mg/L), and the number and activity of isoforms were followed every 7 days for 4 weeks. In control explants, six isoforms of esterase were observed. Three isoforms of peroxidase were not detected in the control bulb scale, which has not begun its morphogenesis process. 2015 Academie des sciences. (C) Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development {[}ON173015, OI 172048]

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Serbia
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Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Somatic embryogenesis Morphogenesis Esterase chemistry.chemical_compound Fritillaria meleagris biology biology.organism_classification Bulb chemistry Biochemistry biology.protein Kinetin Peroxidase Explant culture

Keywords

Snake's head, Bulbs, In Vitro Techniques, Plant Roots, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Morphogenesis, Enzyme activity, Peroxidase, General Immunology and Microbiology, Esterases, General Medicine, Isoenzymes, Fritillaria, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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    Top 10%
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    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
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