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Macromolecular Research
Article . 2019 . Peer-reviewed
License: Springer TDM
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Peroxidase-Sensitive Tyramine Carboxymethyl Xylan Hydrogels for Enzyme Encapsulation

Authors: Spasojević, Dragica; Prokopijević, Miloš; Prodanović, Olivera; Zelenović, Nevena D.; Polović, Natalija; Radotić, Ksenija; Prodanović, Radivoje;

Peroxidase-Sensitive Tyramine Carboxymethyl Xylan Hydrogels for Enzyme Encapsulation

Abstract

Derivatives of xylans were synthesized from corncob xylan by carboxymethylation, oxidization with different molar ratios of periodate (5, 10 15 and 20 mol%) and by reductive amination with tyramine. Modifications of tyramine carboxymethyl xylans (Tyr-CMX) were confirmed by FTIR, UV and NMR spectra. Concentration of ionizable groups increased from 1.5 mmol/g for carboxymethyl xylan (CMX) to 5.4 mmol/g for Tyr-CMX oxidized with 20 mol% of periodate. All Tyr-CMXs were able to form hydrogels the cross-linking reaction with horseradish peroxidase and peroxide. Tyr-CMXs were tested for amyloglucosidase (AG) encapsulation within hydrogel microbeads obtained in a reaction of emulsion polymerization with peroxidase. Average diameter of Tyr-CMX hydrogel microbeads was 52±25 µm and after encapsulation optimization with respect to the extent of CMX modification with tyramine, the concentration of Tyr-CMX, and the amount of added AG, microbeads with AG specific activity of 2 U/mL and 20% yield of immobilization were obtained. The optimum pH of the immobilized AG was not changed compared to the soluble one, while half-life at 60 °C was increased around 10 times. The Michaelis-Menten constant for the immobilized enzyme, 1.03 mM, was significantly lower than that for the soluble one, 1.54 mM. After 5 cycles of repetitive use in batch reactor, the immobilized AG retained 68% of initial activity.

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Serbia
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Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Materials science Immobilized enzyme Emulsion polymerization Horseradish peroxidase Reductive amination chemistry.chemical_compound biology Periodate Tyramine chemistry Self-healing hydrogels biology.protein Nuclear chemistry Peroxidase

Keywords

Polymers and Plastics, General Chemical Engineering, peroxide, tyramine, xylan, Materials Chemistry, emulsion, Organic Chemistry, polymerization, hydrogel

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download
citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
views
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downloads
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5
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30