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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
License: Springer TDM
Data sources: Crossref
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Assessment of contamination, environmental risk, and origin of heavy metals in soils surrounding industrial facilities in Vojvodina, Serbia

Authors: Spahic, Maja Poznanovic; Sakan, Sanja; Cvetkovic, Zeljko; Tančić, Pavle; Trifković, Jelena; Nikić, Zoran; Manojlović, Dragan;

Assessment of contamination, environmental risk, and origin of heavy metals in soils surrounding industrial facilities in Vojvodina, Serbia

Abstract

Content of potentially toxic elements was examined in soils from Srem (Vojvodina), to evaluate industrial facilities as pollution sources. Based on the distribution of the elements, the results of sequential extraction, enrichment factor (EF), ecological risk factor (Er), ecological risk index (RI), and statistical analysis, the current ecological status of the soils was determined. Elements in soils around the industrial facilities can be grouped into the five significant components derived by the principal component analysis (PCA), which explains 78.435% of the total variance. Al, Fe and Mg, and K and Mn are associated with two lithogenic components, respectively. Anthropogenic origin is identified for Hg and Cd. Mixed sources, geogenic and anthropogenic, are identified within two PCA components; one wich includes As, Pb, B, Zn, and the other: K and Cr, Ni and Cu. Cluster analysis (CA) corroborated the results obtained by PCA. The preliminary results revealed that the soils studied in a vicinity of industrial facilities in Srem have been exposed to different degrees of pollution. Among the characterized studied elements, Pb, Cd, Hg, Cu, Ni, and Cr are the main contaminants. Based on calculated EF, the studied soils show minor to severe enrichment with heavy metals. Ecological risk assessment results indicate that Cd and Hg carry the highest ecological risk level, and Zn and Cr the lowest.

Country
Serbia
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Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Pollution media_common.quotation_subject chemistry.chemical_element Ecotoxicology media_common Cadmium Contamination Mercury (element) chemistry Environmental chemistry Soil water Principal component analysis Environmental science Enrichment factor

Keywords

Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, Risk Assessment, Soil, Manufacturing and Industrial Facilities, Metals, Heavy, Soil Pollutants, Boron, General Environmental Science, Cobalt, General Medicine, Environmental risk, Pollution, Heavy metals, Statistical analysis, Soils, Serbia, Environmental Monitoring

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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
views
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downloads
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29
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