publication . Article . 2009

The promise and challenges of microalgal-derived biofuels

Philip T. Pienkos; Aldis Darzins;
Open Access
  • Published: 28 May 2009 Journal: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, volume 3, pages 431-440 (issn: 1932-104X, eissn: 1932-1031, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Wiley
Abstract
Microalgae offer great promise to contribute a significant portion of the renewable fuels that will be required by the Renewable Fuels Standard described in the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act of the United States. Algal biofuels would be based mainly on the high lipid content of the algal cell and thus would be an ideal feedstock for high energy density transportation fuels, such as biodiesel as well as green diesel, green jet fuel and green gasoline. A comprehensive research and development program for the development of algal biofuels was initiated by the US Department of Energy (DoE) more than 30 years ago, and although great progress was made, the...
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free text keywords: Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Bioengineering, Aviation biofuel, Biomass, Energy security, Energy independence, Renewable fuels, Aquatic Species Program, Peak oil, Environmental science, Biofuel, Natural resource economics
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