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Publication . Article . 2021

Fruit morphological and nutritional characteristics of different Rosa pimpinnelifolia genotypes

KARATAŞ, Neva;
Open Access
English
Published: 24 Oct 2021
Publisher: Volkan OKATAN
Abstract

Wild edible fruits have been gained more popularity more recently due to their higher human health related compounds and unique aroma characteristics. The genus Rosa includes over 30 species and among them Rosa pimpinellifolia has distinct plant and fruit traits and the studies on this specie in literature is very limited. In this study, some fruit morphological and nutritional characteristics of six R. pimpinellifolia plants naturally grown in Ilica district of Erzurum province have been studied. Results exhibited that genotypes differed each other for most of the morphological and nutritional characteristics. The six genotypes showed fruit weights and flesh ratio between 1.88-2.21 g and 81.10-90.83%, respectively. Total anthocyanin, vitamin C and total phenolic content of the six R. pimpinellifolia genotypes ranged from 3.74-5.02 mg cyanidin-3-glucoside, 37-53 mg per 100 g fresh weight, 1018-1407 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE) per 100 g fresh weight, respectively. Antioxidant activity was found between 10.11-13.86 μmol Fe (II)/g fresh weight among genotypes. Results indicate potential use of fruits of R. pimpinellifolia in food industry in future.

Subjects

Rosa pimpinellifolia,morphological and biochemical content,diversity, Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi, Food Science and Technology, Bahçe Bitkileri, Horticulture

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